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Content Exam #3

TermDefinition
Zoroastrianism came from Zarathustra, persian society, Ahura Mahzda is supreme creator God, good vs evil (Ahura Mahzda fighting Angra Mainyu, Gathas, Aresta, prayer, missionaries, big impact on other religions
Gathas The hymns of Zarathustra and teachings (many years after his death)
Mithraism cult honoring Mithras, Persian deity of sun, courage, etc. common among Roman Soldiers
Jesus of Nazareth the Christ,
Paul of Tarsus greatest missionary of Christian faith
Constantine had a vision of Christian God, converted to Christianity
Saint Augustine converted to Christianity from Manichaeism, writings made Christianity intellectually respectable
Orthodox Christianity in the east with Constantinople, patriarchs, bishops
Manichaeism Prophet Mani, influenced by Christianity, influences Christianity, dualism, aceticism
Constantine recombined the Roman empire, built Constantinople
Germanic invasions people north of Roman empire come in and take over Rome cuz rome is too big
Huns lead by Atila, scared many Germanic tribes into Rome
Byzantium original city where Constantinople was built upon, what Byzantine empire is named after
Constantinople Emperor Constantine's new capital of Rome, captial of Byzantine empire
Byzantine Empire grew out of end of Roman Empire, centered at Constantinople (used to be Byzantium)
caesaropapism mixing of political and religious authority
Justinian Emperor under whose reign the Byzantine empire reached its height
the Papacy The popes, started with emperors, then became more independent
the Patriarchs the Four Patriarchs of the four cities that were part of rulers in Christianity
Pope Gregory I sent out missionaries
monasticism acetist monks of the Christian faith
dar al-Islam "house of Islam", term for Islamic World
Muhammad seal of the prophets, made islam
Quran holy book of Islam, poetic relation of Allah
Five Pillars of islam 1)Allah=God, Muhammad=God 2)pray to Allah daily facing Mecca 3)Ramadan daytime fast 4) alms 5) hajj
Shia those who believed that Muhammad's bloodline should rule (Ali), most common alternative to Sunni Islam
Umayyad dynasty from most prominent merchant family in Mecca
Abbasid dynasty Abu al-Abbas, Sunni but allied with Shia and conquered peoples, not a conquering dynasty, just spread through trade, admin like Persians and Byzantines, capital of Baghdad
madrasas institutions of higher education
al-Andalus Islamic Spain, remained Umayyadic for a long time, Seville, Córdoba, Spain
Sufis mystics who taught Islam through rousing sermons, dancing, deepened spiritual awareness
Kingdom of Ghana between Senegal and Niger Rivers, increased with trade increase, gold ivory slaves
Mali empire really big, made by Sundiata, contained big trading cities like Timbuktu
Mansa Musa guy who did hajj and gave away lots of gold and slaves
Swahili city-states kings converted to Islam in order to increase trade
Zimbabwe Great Zimbabwe, dwelling of the chief, kings controlled trade
Sui Dynasty (589-618 CE) Yang Jian took over, construction of all kinds, military forces, high taxes, strong centralized govt
Grand Canal most elaborate project of Sui Dynasty, series of artificial waterways to send food crops north and south, increased econ
Tang dynasty (618-907 CE) success by good transportation and communications network, equal-field system, bureaucracy based on merit
equal-field system equitable distribution of land, one fifth for hereditary, 4/5 for possible redistribution
Song Dynasty (960-1279 CE) not a powerful state, more about administration, industry, education, and arts
Neo-Confucianism combination of original Confucian values and Buddhism, Zhu Xi important
Arianism a part of Christianity started in Alexandria Egypt
Berbers lived in North Africa, nomadic pastoralists or agriculturalists, change from Christianity to Islam
Bodhisattva people who qualified for release, but choose to stay on earth
Hijra Muhammads flight (or invitation) to Medina in 622
Jihad Struggle, physical, spiritual, against ignorance and unbelief
Mahayana Buddism greater vesicle, mostly what spread to other countries
Pharisees created in opposition to Sadducees,
Sadducees control of temple, no resurrection, no like Greeks
Theravada Buddhism more demanding, more asceticism
Five Pillars of Islam 1) only one God, Allah, with one prophet, Muhammad 2)Prayer 5 times a day 3)Fasting during Ramadan 4)alms 5)hajj
Created by: ksheehy96