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World History: Unit4

Sydney Huynh

TermDefinition
Socrates Greek philosopher; tried and executed for corrupting Athenian youths
Plato A great philosopher who lived and worked in Athens who taught that the goal of human beings was to strive for perfection and the highest good
Iron Age The period after the Bronze Age when people used iron tools and weapons
Battle of Marathon 490 BC, during the 1st Persian invasion of Greece. Was fought between the citizens of Athens, aided by Plataea, and a Persian force commanded by Datis & Artaphernes. Was the culination of the 1st attempt by Persia, under King Darius I, to subjugate Greece
The Peloponnesian War was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta
Hellenistic Age period which followed the conquest of Alexander the Great. named by the historian J. G. Droysen. During this time, Greek cultural influence and power was at its zenith in Europe and Asia. Often considered a period of transitions, even of decline or decade
King Darius 3rd King of the Achaemenid Empire. Also called Darius the Great, ruled the empire at its peak, included much of West Asia, the Caucasus, Central Asia, parts of the Balkans(Bulgaria-Romainia-Pannonia), portions of north/-east Africa including Eqypt
Draco Athenian lawmaker whose code of laws prescribed death for almost every offense (circa 7th century BC).
Epic A long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
Homer Ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the lliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC).
Phalanx special Greek battle formation where soldiers formed rows, closely pressed together
Peloponnese The southern part of the Greek mainland
Olympics Ancient athletic games held for the god Zeus. Today they are held once every 4 years in a selected country.
Alexander the Great He lived from about 356-323
Socrates Greek philosopher; tried and executed for corrupting Athenian youths
Plato A great philosopher who lived and worked in Athens who taught that the goal of human beings was to strive for perfection and the highest good
Iron Age The period after the Bronze Age when people used iron tools and weapons
Battle of Marathon 490 BC, during the 1st Persian invasion of Greece. Was fought between the citizens of Athens, aided by Plataea, and a Persian force commanded by Datis & Artaphernes. Was the culination of the 1st attempt by Persia, under King Darius I, to subjugate Greece
The Peloponnesian War was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta
Hellenistic Age period which followed the conquest of Alexander the Great. named by the historian J. G. Droysen. During this time, Greek cultural influence and power was at its zenith in Europe and Asia. Often considered a period of transitions, even of decline or decade
King Darius 3rd King of the Achaemenid Empire. Also called Darius the Great, ruled the empire at its peak, included much of West Asia, the Caucasus, Central Asia, parts of the Balkans(Bulgaria-Romainia-Pannonia), portions of north/-east Africa including Eqypt
Draco Athenian lawmaker whose code of laws prescribed death for almost every offense (circa 7th century BC).
Epic A long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
Homer Ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the lliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC).
Phalanx special Greek battle formation where soldiers formed rows, closely pressed together
Peloponnese The southern part of the Greek mainland
Olympics Ancient athletic games held for the god Zeus. Today they are held once every 4 years in a selected country.
Alexander the Great He lived from about 356-323
Socrates Greek philosopher; tried and executed for corrupting Athenian youths
Plato A great philosopher who lived and worked in Athens who taught that the goal of human beings was to strive for perfection and the highest good
Iron Age The period after the Bronze Age when people used iron tools and weapons
Battle of Marathon 490 BC, during the 1st Persian invasion of Greece. Was fought between the citizens of Athens, aided by Plataea, and a Persian force commanded by Datis & Artaphernes. Was the culination of the 1st attempt by Persia, under King Darius I, to subjugate Greece
The Peloponnesian War was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta
Hellenistic Age period which followed the conquest of Alexander the Great. named by the historian J. G. Droysen. During this time, Greek cultural influence and power was at its zenith in Europe and Asia. Often considered a period of transitions, even of decline or decade
King Darius 3rd King of the Achaemenid Empire. Also called Darius the Great, ruled the empire at its peak, included much of West Asia, the Caucasus, Central Asia, parts of the Balkans(Bulgaria-Romainia-Pannonia), portions of north/-east Africa including Eqypt
Draco Athenian lawmaker whose code of laws prescribed death for almost every offense (circa 7th century BC).
Epic A long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
Homer Ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the lliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC).
Phalanx special Greek battle formation where soldiers formed rows, closely pressed together
Peloponnese The southern part of the Greek mainland
Olympics Ancient athletic games held for the god Zeus. Today they are held once every 4 years in a selected country.
Alexander the Great He lived from about 356-323
Socrates Greek philosopher; tried and executed for corrupting Athenian youths
Plato A great philosopher who lived and worked in Athens who taught that the goal of human beings was to strive for perfection and the highest good
Iron Age The period after the Bronze Age when people used iron tools and weapons
Battle of Marathon 490 BC, during the 1st Persian invasion of Greece. Was fought between the citizens of Athens, aided by Plataea, and a Persian force commanded by Datis & Artaphernes. Was the culination of the 1st attempt by Persia, under King Darius I, to subjugate Greece
The Peloponnesian War was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta
Hellenistic Age period which followed the conquest of Alexander the Great. named by the historian J. G. Droysen. During this time, Greek cultural influence and power was at its zenith in Europe and Asia. Often considered a period of transitions, even of decline or decade
King Darius 3rd King of the Achaemenid Empire. Also called Darius the Great, ruled the empire at its peak, included much of West Asia, the Caucasus, Central Asia, parts of the Balkans(Bulgaria-Romainia-Pannonia), portions of north/-east Africa including Eqypt
Draco Athenian lawmaker whose code of laws prescribed death for almost every offense (circa 7th century BC).
Epic A long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
Homer Ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the lliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC).
Phalanx special Greek battle formation where soldiers formed rows, closely pressed together
Peloponnese The southern part of the Greek mainland
Olympics Ancient athletic games held for the god Zeus. Today they are held once every 4 years in a selected country.
Alexander the Great He lived from about 356-323 BC. He was the king of Macedonia from 336-326 BC, and conquered Greece and Persia
Athen's Golden Age Greek city-state of Athens in the time from 480-404 BC. Period of Athenian political hegemony, economic growth and cultural flourishing formerly aka Golden Age of Athens or The Age of Pericles. began in 480 BC when an Athenian-led coalition of city-states
Solon Athenian statesman who made Athens more democratic
Philosophers A wise person who is calm and rational; someone who lives a life of reason with equanimity
Mount Olympus A mountain in Ancient Greece where many gods and goddesses were believed to live
Dorians a civilization associated with a lack of writing who caused the Dark Ages in Greece
Aristotle One of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers; pupil of Plato; teacher of Alexander the Great (384-322 BC)
Trojan War conflict over vital waterways (often romanticized because of an overgrown "horse" and a woman named Helen)
Mycenaen An ancient civilization in the south of mainland Greece connected to the Minoan civilization of Crete
Oligarchy A political system governed by a few people
Minoans the minoans, located on crete, was the first civilization to develop in Greece
Sparta Greek city-state whose citizens constantly trained for war
Helots (medieval Europe) a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord
Created by: 05sydhuy