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KMC CH 16 Enlight

KMC CH 16 Enlightenment

QuestionAnswer
Thomas Hobbes English political philosopher who wrote the "Leviathan," he characterized life as "nasty, brutish, and short"
Jansenism Heresy that taught that few people are granted salvific grace; the center of its activities was a convent in Port Royal, France
Quietism Heresy founded by Miguel Molinos which stressed complete abandonment to God and complete passivity during prayer; its spirituality leaned towards excessive comfort
Irish plantations Large areas in NE Ireland that were cleared of Catholics by James I and resettled by Scottish Protestants in an effort to "breed out" the Catholics
Rene Descartes Father of modern philosophy, he said, "Cogito ergo sum;" Father of modern mathematics, he wrote "Discourse on Method"
Philosophes Proponents of Enlightenment philosophy who rejected divine revelation and instead believed in human reason
Deism/Masonry Spread rationalist ideas; many 18th century European and American leaders belonged to it
Denis Diderot Put together the "Encyclopedie," a 17-volume compendium of knowledge at that time
Voltaire One of the Encyclopedistes who sharply criticized institutions, especially the Church, saying, "Crush the thing!"
Jean-Jacques Rousseau French political philosopher who espoused the principles of liberty and equality in his chief work, "On the Social Contract"
Jesuits in the 18th century They were hated and repressed by the philosophes because of their great love for the Church and scholarship; they raised the only serious counterattack to Enltmt. ideas.
Created by: MAGISTRA56
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