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MEDICAL WORDS

BUILDING YOUR MEDICAL VOCABULARY/TEST Q & A

QuestionAnswer
PERTAINING TO FATTY TISSUE THROUGHTOUT THE BODY ADIPOSE
PERTAINING TO BOTH SIDES AMBILATERAL
TO CUT UP TO CUT APART ANATOMY
TO RESEMBLE MAN ANDROID
PERTAINING TO THE SURFACE OR PART SITUATED TOWARD TO THE FRONT OF THE BODY ANTERIOR
APEX POINTED END OF A CONE-SHAPED STRUCTURE
BASE LOWER PART OF FOUNDATION OF A STRUCTURE
PERTAINING TO TWO SIDES BILATERAL
STUDY OF LIFE BIOLOGY
CAUDAL PERTAINING TO THE TAIL
CENTER MIDPOINT OF A BODY OR ACTIVITY
CYTOLOGY STUDY OF CELLS
TO REMOVE WATER; TO LOSE OR BE DEPRIVED OF WATER FROM THE BODY; TO BECOME DRY DEHYDRATE
HISTOLOGY STUDY OF TISSUE
PERTAINING TO BELOW OR IN A DOWNWARD DIRECTION INFERIOR
KARYOGENESIS FORMATION OF A CELL'S NUCLEUS
LATERAL PERTAINING TO THE SIDE
PERTAINING TO THE MIDDLE OR MIDLINE MEDIAL
PATHOLOGY STUDY OF DISEASE
POSTERIOR PERTAINING TO THE BACK PART OF A STRUCTURE; TOWARD THE BACK
PERTAINING TO THE SURFACE, ON OR NEAR THE SURFACE SUPERFICIAL
PERTAINING TO ABOVE OR IN AN UPWARD DIRECTION SUPERIOR
PERTAINING TO THE BODY AS A WHOLE SYSTEMIC
PERTAINING TO ONE SIDE UNILATERAL
TOP OR HIGHEST POINT; TOP OR CROWN OF THE HEAD VERTEX
PERTAINING TO THE FRONT SIDE OF THE BODY, ABDOMEN, BELLY SURFACE VENTRAL
PERTAINING TO WITHOUT FEVER AFEBRILE
PERTAINING TO OUTSIDE THE EYE EXTRAOCULAR
CONDITION OF NOT BEING ABLE TO SLEEP INSOMNIA
TO STOP, INHIBIT, RESTRAIN ARREST
TO REMOVE THE KERNEL OF ENUCLEATE
SPACE WITHIN AN ARTERY, VEIN, INTESTINE, OR TUBE LUMEN
WIDE OPEN PATENT
TO ACT AGAIN REACT
ANY OBJECTIVE EVIDENCE OF AN ILLNESS SIGN
ANY PERCEPTIBLE CHANGE IN THE FUNCTION OF THE BODY THAT INDICATES DISEASE SYMPTOM
THE HUMAN BODY IS MADE UP OF 6 PARTS: ATOMS, MOLECULES, CELLS, TISSUE, ORGENELLES, ORGANS
NAME THE FOUR MAIN TISSUES OF THE BODY: EPITHELIAL tissue, NERVOUS tissue, MUSCLE tissue, CONNECTIVE tissue
THE ORGAN HAS FOUR MAJOR PARTS: THE BRAIN, THE LUNGS, THE KIDNEY, THE STOMACH
WHAT TYPE OF PARTICLE IS IN A PROTON? POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLE
WHAT ARE THE PARTS OF AN ORGANELLE? MITOCHONDRION, NUCLEUS, RIBOSOME
WHAT ARE ATOMS MADE OF? A NUCLEUS THAT CONTAINS PROTONS NEUTRONS AND IS SURROUNDED BY ELECTRONS.
WHAT ARE FOUR TYPES OF ORGAN SYSTEMS IN THE BODY? RESPIRATORY SYSTEM, NERVOUS SYSTEM, DIGESTIVE SYSTEM, CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
HOW MANY ELEMENTS MAKE UP THE MASS OF THE HUMAN BODY? NAME THEM 6 ELEMENTS: OXYGEN, CARBON, HYDROGEN, NITROGEN, CALCIUM, AND PHOSPHORUS
CHEMICAL COMBINATION OF TWO OR MORE ATOMS THAT FORMS A SPECIFICI CHEMICAL COMPOUND IS WHAT? MOLECULES
HOW MUCH WATER MAKES UP A MALE'S BODY WEIGHT? 65%
THE SIZE AND SHAPE OF A CELL IS RELATED TO ITS FUNCTION
HOW MUCH WATER MAKES UP A FEMALE'S BODY WEIGHT? 55%
THE CELL FORMING THE SKIN OVERLAPING EACH OTHER ARE USED FOR THE TRANSMISSION OF SENSORY IMPULSES. {TRUE} OR {FALSE} FALSE ITS TO FORM A PROTECTIVE BARRIER
NAME THE THREE COMMON PARTS OF A CELL: CELL MEMBRANE, CYTOPLASMA, NUCLEUS
WHAT ARE THE BASIC BUILDING BLOCK OF THE HUMAN BODY? CELLS
THE OUTER COVERING OF THE CELL WALL IS CALLED WHAT? CELL MEMBRANE
THE HUMAN BODY HAS HOW MANY PAIRS OF CHROMOSOMES? 23 CHROMOSOMES
NAME THE THREE PRIMARY SOURCE OF THE STEM CELLS? ADULT TISSUE, EMBRYOS, AND UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD
WHAT MAKE ENZYMES AND OTHER PROTEINS? "protien factors" RIBOSOMES
What provides storage and work areas for the cell? CYTOPLASM
Where complex, energy-releasing chemical reactions occur continuously: "power plants" MITOCHONDRIA
HOW MANY BASIC TYPE OF TISSUES ARE IN THE BODY? 4 EPITHELIA, CONNECTIVE, MUSCLE, NERVE
wHAT IS A NUCLEUS? RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CELL'S METABOLISM, GROWTH, AND REPRODUCTION
What's THE AVERAGE percent of skeletal muscle the FEMALE BODY IS MADE UP OF? 36%
WHICH INVOLUNTARY MUSCLE TISSUE IS FOUND WITHIN THE WALL OF THE ORGANS? SMOOTH MUSCLE
THE BODY CONSISTS OF HOW MANY CELLS? OVER MILLIONS OF CELLS
NERVE TISSUE CONSIST OF WHAT? NERVE CELLS {NEURONS}
WHAT ARE STEM CELLS? THE PRECURSORS FO ALL BODY CELLS
NAME THE THREE TYPES OF MUSCLE TISSUE: SKELETAL MUSCLE, SMOOTH MUSCLE, CARDIAC MUSCLE
WHAT TYPE OF PARTICLE IS NEGATIVELY CHARGED? ELECTRON
WHAT IS THE MAIN FUNCTION OF ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM (ER)? TO CARRY PROTEIN AND OTHER SUBSTANCES TO THE CYTOPLASM
THE "TAIL" OF THE SPER THAT SWIMS AND MOVE TOWARD THE OVUM FLAGELLUM
WHAT MUSCLE TISSUE IS FOUND IN THE HEART? CARDIAC MUSCLE
DNA DE-OXY-RIBON-NUCLE-IC Acid
The human body is made up of: Atom, Cells, Tissue, Organs, Organelles, Molecules
Chemical element are made up of: Atom
What are the precursors of all body cells? stem cells
what makes enzymes and other proton? Ribosomes
Superior: above, in and updward direction, toward the head Eg: The HEAD is SUPERIOR to the neck of the body.
Inferior: Below or in a downward direction; more toward the feet or tail Eg: The FEET are INFERIOR to the head of the body.
Anterior (ventral): In front of or before, the front side of the body Eg: The BREAST are located on the ANTERIOR side of the body.
Posterior (dorsal): Toward the back, back side of the body Eg:The nape is the BACK of the neck and is located on the POSTERIOR side of the body
Cephalic: pertaining to the head; superior in position Eg:A CEPHALIC presentation is one in which any part of the HEAD of the fetus is presented during delivery.
Caudal: Pertaining to the tail; inferior in position Eg: The CAUDA EQUINA (horse's tail) is a bundle of spinal nerves below the END of the spinal cord.
Medial: Nearest the midline or middle Eg: the umbilicus is a depressed point in the Medial area of the ABDOMEN.
Lateral: to the side, away from the middle Eg: In the anatomical position, the arm is located on the LATERAL side of the body.
Proximal: Nearest the point of attachment or near the beginning of a structure Eg: The proximal end of the humerus joins with part of the shoulder bone.
Distal: Away from the point of attachment or far from the beginning of a structure Eg: The distal end of the humerus joins with part of the elbow.
Midsagittal plane Vertically divides the body as it passes through the midline to form a right & left half.
Transverse (horizontal plane) Any plane that divides the body into Superior & INFERIOR portions.
Coronal (frontal plane) divided the body into Anterior & Posterior portions
Cavity: a hollow space containing body organs
Thoracic cavity: the area of the chest containg the heart and lungs
Abdominal cavity: space below the diaphram (belly); contains the stomach, intestines, and other organs of digestion
Pelvic cavity: Pelvic area; contains the organs of reproduction and elimination
Abdominopelvic Cavity is the combination of the abdominal and pelvic cavities.
name the organ systems intgumentary, digestive, skelatal, cardiovascular, muscular, blood & lymphatic, urinary, endocrine, respiratory, nervous, reproductive
name the two distinct cavities located in the dorsal cavity: Cranial, Spinal
List the three distinct cavities that are located in the ventral cavity: thoracic, pelvic, abdominal
Cilia Hairlike process that project from epithelial cells
Define anatomy: Study of the structure of an organism such as a human
Human genome Complete set of genes and chromosomes
Somatotrophic pertaining to the stimulation of body growth
Ectomorph Slender physical body form
Created by: debonaire