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Geographers identify climates by observing temperature precipitation native plant life
Five basic climates are: dry tropical temperate/continental polar highland/mountain
desert climate earth's hottest and driest climate
desert climate less than 10 inches of rain per year
desert climate temperatures can be as high as 130 degrees during the day and the low as 40 degrees at night
Steppe semi-dry grassland or prairie
Steppe often borders a desert
Steppe can have some shrubs and trees along streams
Tropical Climates warm temperatures and heavy rainfall
Tropical Climates extend from the Tropic of Cancer through the Equator and down to the Tropic of Capricorn
Humid Tropical warm, muggy, and rainy year-round
Humid Tropical 70-450 inches of rain each year
Humid Tropical Monsoons can happen which are seasonal winds that bring either dry or moist air
Highland temperature drops as you go up the mountain and plant life becomes scarce
Tropical Savanna located just North or South of the equator
Tropical Savanna areas of tall grasses, and scattered trees and shrubs
Tropical Savanna long, hot, dry season and short periods of heavy rainfall
Tropical Savanna high 90 degree temps with "cooler" winters
Temperate/Continental Occurs halfway between the Equator and the poles in the middle latitudes
Temperature/Continental Has all four seasons
Humid Subtropical located near the tropics
Humid Subtropical summers are hot and humid, while winter is mild with some frost and snow
Humid Subtropical hurricanes are a threat to this climate
Mediterranean summers are hot and dry
Mediterranean winters tend to be mild and wet
Marine West Coast winds carry moisture from the sea
Marine West Coast winds keep temperatures mild all year round
Marine West Coast winters are foggy, cloudy, and rainy while summers are warm and sunny
Humid Continental four distinct seasons
Humid Continental summers are short and hot
Humid Continental springs and falls are mild
Humid Continental Winters are long, cold and typically snowy
Humid Continental located in the main area in the US: Great Plains and Midwest
Subarctic (Polar) Found in the Northern Hemisphere and South of the Arctic Ocean
Subarctic (Polar) winters are long and bitterly cold and summers are short and cool
Subarctic (Polar) Temps are below freezing for more than half the year
Tundra (Polar) occurs along the coastal ares of the Artic Ocean
Tundra (Polar) Winters are bitterly cold and temps only reach barely above freezing during the short summers
Temperate/Continental Type of climate we live in
Created by: hcheek26
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