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Industrial Revolutio

Study Guide

Bessemer Process method of making stronger steal and removing impurities
Communism economy run by government
Agricultural Revolution change in farming, social and economic changes
Industrial Revolution 1700s-early 1800s man made to machine made different power, slow change, great britain first
Enclosure Movement landowners fenced off their land, kept other farmers and their cattle out
Domestic System People made things in their home and sold it to businessmen
Factory System replaced domestic system, machines to hard to run in a home
Labor Unions workers trying to achieve better wages/hours/working conditions, based on trade, used strikes
Factory Act limited work day for children age 9-13 8hrs age 14-18 12hrs
New Farm Equipment/advances iron plow, crop rotation, seed drill
Increased food production more efficient farms gave more food, increased population
Textile Industry went from domestic system to factory system
Mines Act banned employers from hiring females to work in mines, minimum age for boys was 13
Ten Hour Act limited workday for women and children to ten hours, later included everyone
Combinations Act banned labor unions, later appealed, but couldn't strike or picket
Assembly Line sped up how fast workers could make items, one person did only one small job
Laissez-faire no gov. involvement
Inventions water frame, spinning jenny
Parliament Investigations investigated to find that conditions were terrible
Iron Law of Wages pop. and wages go in cycle +wages=+workers w/ kids=-wages=workers w/ -kids
Utopian Society ideal society, no poverty, everyone equal
Iron, Coal Industry new machines needed more coal and iron England high coal ore
Transportation Advances better roads, stone, steam engines, steel=faster train, buy and sell materials and goods faster
Karl Marx exiled from Germany, believed in communism, Communist Manifesto, create a classless society, utopians impractical
Steam Engines made of steel went faster, helped transport goods and raw materials
Great Britain first to industrialize, stable gov, large amount of coal ore
Thomas Malthus if gov. involved more of a strain on food supply
David Ricardo Iron law of wages,
Robert Owen cotton manufacturer, goal: profitable business that treated workers well, New Lanark to test, worked
Middle Class bourgeoise, according to Marx "haves"
John Stewart Mill pushed for labor unions improve working conditions, suffrage for men and women
Adam Smith Wealth of Nations, self-interest natural law
Interchangeable Parts moving parts on machines that were dangerous
Jeremy Bentham laissez-faire ideas, gov. interventions only caused trouble
Mass Production machines made more goods that more people could buy, sent them away using steam engines
Corporations owned by shareholders
Collective Bargaining skilled workers could bargain for whatever they wanted because their skill was harder to come by
Created by: 18SharierA