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World History-Renaissance-all

TermDefinition
Renaissance rebirth of classical humanism after the middle ages
humanism belief in human abilities, power of the individual
humanities study of human concerns
classical studies based on Greco-Roman culture
urban society culture centered in cities
bourgeoisie 'townspeople', new middle class (merchants, bankers, craftsmen)
secular worldly (as opposed to religious) focused n the 'here and now'
patrons wealthy supporters of art and artists
mercenaries hired soldiers, used often by local
Lorenzo de Medici Florentine merchant/ruler support of artists
Francesco Petrarch "father of humanism' translated ancient manuscripts
Baldassare Castiglione Author of The Book of the Courtier
The Book of the Courtier guide to being a well-rounded individual
Niccolo Machiavelli author of 'The Prince'
The Prince guide for would-be rulers 'end justifies means'
vernacular literature written in local common language
Dante Italian vernacular poet, author of Divine Comedy
Geoffrey Chaucer English vernacular poet, wrote Canterbury Tales
William Shakespeare English playwright, wrote many famous plays and poems
Johann Gutenberg developed printing press
fresco mural painted into fresh plaster of a wall
chiaroscuro use of light and shade to show depth
perspective use of converging lines to show depth/distance
oil paints developed in the Renaissance, allowed more mixing of colors
Created by: LHSstudylab9