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KMC CH 15 Expln/Miss

KMC CH 15 Exploration and Missionary Movements

Why Europeans began to extend their sights beyond the Mediterranean for trade 1) Crusaders brought back exotic goods which whetted the European appetite for silks and spices; 2) Renaissance culture provided new technologies that made possible daring voyages; 3) Monarchs of the emerging nations were wealthy enough to fund voyages
Columbian Exchange Widespread exchange of agricultural goods and diseases which occurred between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres after 1492
De Propaganda Fide Congregation founded by Pope Gregory XV to promote and establish apostolic missions
Spain's official policy for the treatment of native people 1) Spain forbid the enslavement of native peoples, 2) Spanish colonists married the native people and assimilated them into their culture, 3) missionary activities were generously supported by the crown
St. Francis Xavier Founding member of the Society of Jesus and a great missionary to India and Japan; he believed missionaries needed to learn the native language to be successful
St. Thomas Christians Christians in India whose ancestors were converted by St. Thomas the Apostle
Why rulers of Japan and China persecuted the Jesuits They became fearful of a western invasion because the Europeans were expanding their trading empires in the East
What Christian missionaries found when Japan was reopened to the West 50,000 thoroughly orthodox Catholics who quickly joined in solidarity with the missionaries
Philippines The most successful missionary activity occurred in this land.
Africa The least successful missionary activity occurred here, due to the many diseases which quickly killed the missionaries
State of the Church in China today There exist two "Catholic" churches: the "Patriotic Church" sanctioned by the Communist government and the underground Church which is still united with Rome.
Animism Religious belief largely held by native tribes, which attributes human qualities to objects or animals
Laws of Burgos Laws passed by the Spanish crown at the request of Bishop Bartolome de las Casas which protected the rights of the Indians
St. Juan Diego Recipient of the miracle which included a tilma full of roses
Missions Indian communities created by the Spanish missionaries so that their efforts of evangelization would be untouched by the bad example of outsiders
Bl. Junipero Serra He founded nine of the twenty-one California missions.
St. Peter Claver He helped the slaves in Cartagena, Columbia and declared himself "the slave of the Negroes forever."
Two papal prounouncements condemning slavery Sicut dudum (Not Long Ago) by Pope Eugene IV in 1435, and Sublimis Deus (The Sublime God) by Pope Paul III in 1534-1549
"North American martyrs" Sts. John de Brebeuf, Isaac Jogues and their companions
Created by: MAGISTRA56