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Chapter 9

Digestive System

an/o anus
chol/e bile or gall
cholesyst/o gallblader
col/o, colon/o, colon
-emesis vomiting
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
hepat/o liver
-lithiasis presence of stones
-pepsia digestion
-phagia swallowing
-proct/o rectum
rect/o rectum
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
anorexia nervosa an eating disorder characterized by a false appearance.
antiemetic medication that is administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting
apthous ulcer canker sores; grey-white pits with a red border in the soft tissues lining the mouth
botulism food poisoning; transmitted through contaminated food or n infected wound
bulimia nervosa an eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating followed by self induced vomiting
cachexia condition of physical wasting away due to loss of weight and muscle mass
cholecystetomy surgical removal of the gallbladder
crohns disease chronic autoimmune disorder that can occur anywhere in the digestive tract
diverticulitis inflammation of the small intestine caused by eating or drinking substances contaminated with viral and bacterial pathogens
dyspepsia indigestion; pain or discomfort in digestion
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
enteritis inflammation of the small intestines caused by eating or drinking substances contaminated wit viral
esophageal varices enlarged and swollen veins at the lower end of the esophagus
esphagogastroduodenoscopy endoscopic procedure that allows direct visualization of the upper GI tract
hematemesis vomiting of blood
hiatal hernia condition in which a potion of the stomach protrudes upwards into the chest, through an opening in the diaphragm
inguinal hernia protrusion of a small loop of bowel through a weak place in the lower abdominal wall or groin
jaundice yellow discoloration of the skin, mucous membranes, and the eyes
morbid obesity the condition of weighing two to three times more than the ideal weight or having a body mass index value greater than 39
peristalsis series of wave like contraction of the smooth muscles in a single direction
regurgitation return of swallowed food back to the mouth
salmonellosis salmonella; caused by the bacterium salmonella which is transmitted by food that is contaminated by feces
ulcerative colitis chronic condition of unknown cause in which repeated episodes of inflammation in the rectum and large intestine cause ulcers and irritation
volvulus the twisting of the intestines on itself that causes an obstruction
Created by: SavannahNethken