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Phlebotomy Terms

Phlebotomy NHA (CPT) Test Prep

Question /.AnswerTerm Definition
Expressed Consent form Given verbally or in written, and is essential for high risk procedures. It is also used for surgery and in medical research.
Consent for minors Consent given by a parent or guardian to proforma procedure to a minor
Refusal of consent form Written consent form signed by the patient stating patient refusal of procedure.
Informed consent form Requires that a patient be provided with information in a language the patient can understand.
To positively identity a patient a phlebotomist must Ask the patients not state their name Ask for the patients date of birth Ask the patient for the last four digits of Siocial Security Number or photo ID
Basal state State of rest and fasting, normally for atleast 12 hrs
Dorsal Back
Edema A collection of fluid under the skin
Fasting Not eating or drinking for a period of time , generally at least 8 hrs and often 12 hours.
Hematoma A collection of blood under the skin, also known as a bruise.
Isopropyl alcohol An antiseptic agent that reduces the presence of micro-organisms on the skin.
Medical identification number Unique number that is established for a patient upon entry to the medical facility.
Palpate To feel with the fingers.
Phlebitis Inflammation of a blood vessel
Requisition form Form on which test are ordered; list pertinent patient information and any special requirements for the test ordered
Sclerotic Hardened, or veins that are hardened from repeated blood draws
Stat Immediately, often within 45 mins to 1 hour of receipt in laboratory
Thrombotic Containing blood clots
Tortuous Twisted
Apheresis The removal of whole blood from a patient or donor; the components of whole blood are separated mechanically, one of the separated portions is withdrawn and the remaining components are transfused back into the patient or donor.
Autologous "Self" in blood transfusion and transplantation, it means that donor and recipient are the same person
Blood bank A place where blood is collected from donor, typed, separated into components,stored,and prepared for transfusion to recipients
Blood culture A laboratory test used to check for bacteria or other micro-organisms in a blood sample
Blood smear A blood test performed on slides that give information about the number and shape of blood cells
Dermal puncture Also known as skin puncture; a procedure in which a finger or heel is lanced to obtain a small quantity of blood for testing also called a capillary draw
EDTA Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; used as an anticoagulant to keep blood specimens from clotting.
Galactosemia An inherited disorder in which the body is unable to metabolize the simple sugar (galactose) causing the affected patient to be unable to tolerate any form of milk as well as other foods containing galactose
Hematocrit The proportion of the blood that consist of packaged red blood cells expressed as a percentage by volume; the hematocrit test measures the percentage of hemocrit in the blood
Iatrogenic anemia A type of anemia that results from multiple phlebotomies; it is especially common in geriatric, pediatric, or under weight patients
Peripheral blood smears Also called blood films; they consist of a thin layer of blood smeared on a microscope slide then stained to allow microscopic examination
Waived test Blood glucose, pregnancy,and fecal blood testing are examples of
Colorectal Cancer, Fecal specimen collection is used to detect
An appropriate introduction to a patient is "Hello, my name is Courtney, I am a phlebotomy technician and I am here to draw your blood"
Proper patient identification include Comparing a patient's wristband to the laboratory order sheet and asking the patient to state and spell his or her name should be used to verify information.
Implied consent Is given when the patient performs an action that indicates that he or she agrees to the procedure being preformed.
Expressed consent Refers to treatment such as surgery or experimental procedures or medication
Informed consent Requires that a patient receives full information about a procedure that is about to be performed
Created by: KC6216