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Content Exam #2

TermDefinition
Chandragupta Maurya (321-292 BCE) First of Mauryan Empire
Ashoka Maurya (268-232 BCE) Second of Mauryan Empire, tightly organized, grandson of Chandragupta, supported Buddhism
Bactrian kingdom conquered states of Alexander the Great, Indo-Greeks
Kushan Empire 1-300 BCE supported Buddhism, conquering nomads from central asia
Gupta Dynasty smaller than Mauryan , Gupta and Gutpa II, loose admin
Siddhartha Gautama original Buddha, gave up inheritance to be an ascetic monk, the enlightened one, the one who is awake
Mahayana Buddhism greater vehicle, easier for common people
Zhou Dynasty 1122-256 BCE cunfucianism, daoism, Zhou classics
Mandate of Heaven check on evil rulers, rulers rule by consent of the divine
Period of the Warring States 403-221 BCE when Zhou fell
Sima Qian first great historian, came up with Dynasties
Qin dynasty lasted only 14 years, first empire
Shihuangdi First Emperior of Qin Dynasty (221-210)
Han dynasty longest and most influential in all of chinese history, lasted 400 years (206 BCE-220 BCE) with brief usurper in middle (9-23 CE)
Liu Bang determined, methodical, and persistant commander who took over central rule after downfall of Qin dynasty
Han Wudi Martial emperor who made Han dynasty a success with pursuit of admin centralization and imperial expansion
Xiognu nomadic peoples form steppes of central Asia, spoke Turkish
Ban Zhou woman scholar who wrote Lessons for Women is support of women ed
Wang Mang usurper who was first regent, then took over, known as socialist emperor
Minoan Society society on island of Crete (2200-1450 BCE) large palaces, wine, olive oil
Mycenaean society came from Greek peninsula and spread, linear B, defeated in battle of Troy
Sparta simple, frugal, austere, focus on physical prowess and mainting military state
Athens democracy
Socrates (470-399 BCE) posed questions, scrutinized and discussed everything = trouble
Plato (430-347 BCE) world of Forms and Ideas, educated elite should rule
Aristotle (384-322 BCE) master of those who know, logic
polis independent city-states in Greek area, originally refuges from war
Achaemenid Empire (558-330 BCE) first family, good admin, satraps
Seleucid Empire (323-83BCE) followed basic Achaemenid structure founded new cities, foreigners
Parthian Empire (247-224 BCE) federation of leaders, bigger horses, enemies of Selucids
Sasanid Empire (224-651 BCE) strong rule, lots of admin,continuous conflicts with Romans, brought rice, sugarcane, citrus fruits, eggplant, and cotton
Persian Wars persia vs greece, greece wins/fights them off
Peloponnesian War Athens vs Sparta, Athens lost
Alexander of Macedon The great, took over a lot of land, died in 323 BCE before he could establish admin
Antigonid Empire smallest Hellenistic empire, Greece and Macedon, sent out colonists
Ptolemaic Empire Egypt, ruled over already existing society, lots of money through Alexandria
Bactria modern day afganistan, Greeks in Asia
Etruscans peoples before Romans (8c.-5c. BCE)
Roman Republic aristocratic republic with two consuls full of patricians
patricians hereditary elite class
plebeians common people
Carthage large city in Northern Africa, beginning of Rome's Mediterranean conquests (Punic wars)
Augustus adopted son of Caesar, responsible for most of imperialization of Rome
Bantu meaning "peoples", originated in Nigeria, agricultural peoples, Bantu languages
Bantu migrations 3000 BCE nigeria, moved south and everywhere, 1000 BCE everywhere in Africa south of equator
kin-based societies villages with family groups, had a chiefs with male heads of household as council, main means for African gov't until 1000 CE but did not die out
Jenne-jeno big city in Mali, principal commercial crossroads of Western Africa
Olmecs corn beans squash, writing, slash and burn, jade, started mesoamerican culture characteristics
ceremonial centers temples or areas where people would gather to perform rituals and worship
Maya followed the Olmecs, warlike, smart, silted soil and raised field agriculture, blood letting, sacrifices ball game
Austronesian peoples from south east asia, great sea faring skills, brought ag to Pacific
Polynesia triangle of Hawaii, New Zealand, and Easter Island
Lapita peoples lots of language families (austronesi+A1:B60an), agriculturized Pacific Islands
Austronesian migrations to Pacific islands 1500 BCE-700CE
Beginnings of Bantu migrations 2000 BCE
Confucius 551-479 BCE
Era of the classical Greek polis 800-338 BCE
Establishment of the Roman Republic 509 BCE
Han dynasty 280 BCE - 220 CE
Life of Buddha 563-483 BCE
Mauryan dynasty 321-297 BCE
Maya society 300-1100 BCE
Qin dynasty 221-207 BCE
Reign of Alexander of Macedon 336-323 BCE
Created by: ksheehy96