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BMMS Israelites

BMMS Israelites Ch. 10

TermDefinition
Hebrews A member or descendant of a Semitic people claiming descent from Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; an Israelite; a Jew. Means "River Crossers"
Israel a name given to Jacob after he had wrestled with the angel
Islam the religious faith of Muslims, based on the words and religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad and taught by the Koran, the basic
covenant the agreement between God and the ancient Israelites, in which God promised to protect them if they kept His law and were faithful to Him
Saul the first king of Israel
Isaac a son of Abraham and Sarah, and father of Jacob
Ramses II King of Egypt (1304-1237 B.C.) whose reign was marked by the building of numerous monuments. He was probably king during the Jewish exodus from Egypt.
Solomon King of Israel famous for his wisdom, wealth and his architectural projects, including the Temple in Jerusalem
Samuel a judge and prophet of Israel
Israelite a descendant of Jacob, esp. a member of the Hebrew people who inhabited the ancient kingdom of Israel
Jew a person whose religion is Judaism
Joseph Jacob's eleventh son, the first of Jacob and his second wife, Rachel: sold into slavery by his brothers
Ishmael the son of Abraham and Hagar
Nebuchadnezzar King of Babylonia, conqueror of Jerusalem and destroyer of the Jewish Temple in 586 B.C.
Joshua he replaced Moses as leader of the Israelites, led the them back into Canaan
Maccabean Revolt a rebellion led by Judah Maccabee against the cruel treatment, and laws coming from king Antiochus Epiphanes
Torah The Jewish Bible, which contains the first five books of the Old Testament
Bible the collection of sacred writings of the Christian religion, comprising the Old and New Testaments
Canaan the land promised by God to Abraham
Christianity the Christian religion, including the Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox churches
Abraham founder of the ancient Hebrew nation, meaning “father of many nations.”
monotheism belief in one god
Judaism the Hebrew religion
Exodus the migration of the Israelites from Egypt
Moses the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites out of Egypt and delivered the Ten Commandments during their years of wandering in the wilderness.
Ten Commandments stone tablets containing religious rules for the Israelites
David second king of Israel, he is also known as the "conquering king"
Messiah "anointed one" looked for by the Jews
prophets spiritual leaders of the Jews
Babylonian captivity the 50 year period when the Israelites were held captive in Babylon
Diaspora the scattering of the Jews out of Judea
rabbi a Jewish religious leader and teacher
synagogue a Jewish place of worship
Semitic a member of any of a number of peoples of ancient southwestern Asia including the Akkadians, Phoenicians, and Hebrews.
Jesus a teacher and prophet born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth; his life and sermons form the basis for Christianity (circa 4 BC - AD 29) His teachings caused a split among Jews.
Antiochus Epiphanes Ruler of Syria who tried to eliminate the Jewish religion. He required Jews to worship Greek gods and sacrificed a pig to Zeus at the Jewish Temple.
Created by: fish