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Unit 3 Flashcards

India and China

TermDefinition
Pilgrims Some one who journeys to a sacred place as an act of religious devotion.
Pictographs Pictures used in place of words.
Silk Road A land trade route that linked China with Europe.
Qin Dynasty Unified Chine after the fall of Zhou Dynasty although short lived famous for starting he Great Wall project.
Faxian A Buddhist monk from China that traveled o India in search of documents about Buddha. He recorded historical evidence about life in India during the Gupta empire.
Legalism People are basically bad; rule by strict laws; required obedience to strict laws and harsh punishments.
Buddhism Religion started by Siddhartha Gautama and adopted by Asoka.
Qin Shiuangdi First ruler and creator of the Qin Dynasty. In 1974, his clay army was found near his tomb.
Dao Or Tao is a philosophical construct that means "the way"
Ideographs Characters that combine two or more pictographs to represent an idea.
Civil Service Government jobs to which people are appointed rather than elected.
Hinduism A complex of beliefs and values and customs including worship of many gods especially the Trimurti composed of Brahma the Creator; Vishnu the preserver; and Shiva the destroyer
Bhagavad Gita A sermon by the god Krishna on the eve of battle as recorded in one of India's most famous books the Mahabharata.
Asoka Ruler of the Maurya empire who gave up war, converted to Buddhism, and vowed to rule peacefully.
India's Golden Age A time of classical civilization during the Gupta Empire in India when scientific and philosophical advances were achieved that are still used today.
Aryabhata India's first great astronomer understood how the earth moves on its axis and calculated pi to five digits.
Daoism Philosophical system developed by Lao-Tzu and Chuang-Tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events.
Zhou The imperial dynasty of China from 1122 to 221 BC; notable for the rise of Confucianism and Taoism.
Pi 3.14159265359
Confucianism The teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity; high value given to learning and to devotion to family(including ancestors); peace; justice; influenced the traditional culture of China.
Created by: 83celbak