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East Asia, 800-1400

Important facts from Chapter 12

dynastic cycle the theory that Chinese dynasties go through a predictable cycle, from early vigor and growth to subsequent decline as administrators become lax and the well-off find ways to avoid paying taxes, cutting state revenues
paper money legal currency issued on paper; it developed in China as a convenient alternative to metal coins
compass a tool developed in Song times to aid in navigation at sea; it consisted of a magnetic needle that would point north in a small protective case
examination system a system of selecting officials based on competitive written examinations
movable type a system of printing in which one piece of type was used for each unique character
Neo-Confucianism the revival of Confucian thinking that began in the 11th century
concubine a woman contracted to a man as a secondary spouse; although subordinate to the wife, her sons were considered legitimate heirs
foot binding the practice of binding the feet of girls with long strips of cloth to keep them from growing large
Perfection of the compass • Important for oceangoing travel • Improved in Song times • Use of improved Song compass first reported in 12th century.
Created by: jewishbatman