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9984 SCW

Glossary Appendix C

Absoption The amount of medication that enters the bloodstream, or systemic circulation
Accreditation The process of granting recognition or vouhcing for compliance with established criteria
Adjudication Prescription claims adjudication refers to the determination of the insurer's payment after the member's insurance benefits are applieed to a medical claim
Ambulatory Pharmacy A oharmacy generally located within, or in close proximity to a clinic, hospital, or medical center that provides medication services to ambulatory patients
Aseptic technique The technique and procedures designed to prevent contamination of drugs, packaging, equipment, or supplies by micro-organisms during preparation
Automated dispensing technology Electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed
Automated medication dispensing device A drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner
Average wholesale price (AWP) A commonly used benchmark for billing drugs that are reimbursed in the community pharmacy setting, The AWP for a drug is set by the manufacturer of the drug
Beyond-use labeling A date that is given to a medcation noting when it should no longer be used (expiration date)
Bioavailability The ercentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the blood-stream
Brand-name drug A drug that is coverev by a patent and is therefore only available from a single manufacturer
Buccal A solid edication dosage form that is placed in the pocket between the cheek and gum and absorbed through the cheek into the bloodstream
Centralized dispensing automation Technology that assists in the selectons and dispensing of drug products that aare located in a central location, such as the pharmacy, and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar code scanning to select and label drug products for patients
Certification A voluntary process by which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met cetain predetermined qualifications sepcified by that agency or associtaion.
Chain of pharmacy A pharmacy that is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products
Community pharmacy Generally a stand-alone pharmacy locate within a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients
Compounding Usualy takes place in pharmacy and includes the preparation, mixing, packaging, and labeling of a small quantity of a drug based on a practitioner's prescription or medication order for a specific patient
Conrolled substances Drugs or chemicl substaces whose possession and use are regulation under the Federal Controlled substance laws and regulations. Controlled substances are subject to stricter controls than other prescription and non-prescription drugs.
Copayment (copay) The portion of the cost of a prescription that the patient is responsible for paying when a part of the cost is covered by a third-party payer
Hazardous material Any material that poses a risk to people, animals, property, or the environment.
Health Insurance Portablilty and Accountabilty Act (HIPAA) Federal legislation enacted to establish guidelins for the protection of patients' private health infromation
Hospita formulary An approved list of medications that are routinely stocked in the hospital pharmacy to treat the types of patients the hospital typically serves
Inhalant A fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist through the muth into the respiratory tract
Intradiac Injected directly into the heart muscle
Intradermal Injected into the top layers of the skin
Intramusculare Injected directly into a large muscle mass, such as the upper arm, thigh, or buttock, and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the bloodstream
Intrchecal Injected into the space around the spinal cord
Intravenous Injected directly into a vein and therefore immediately avaible to act in the body
Legend drug A drug that is required by the federal law to be dispensed by prescripton only. It is the older term for drugs that are now identified as " Rx Only"
Licensure The process by which an agency of the government grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained a degree of ompetency necessary to ensure that public health, safety,and welfare is protected
Lozenge A hard, disk-shape solid medication dosage form that contains medication in a sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked
Mail-order Pharmacy A pharmacy the functions like a ware house, with pharmacists and technicains who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to the patients residence.
Material safety data sheets Informtion sheets providded by a manufacturer for chemicals or drugs that may be hazardous in the workplace
Medication administration record (MAR) A component of the paper patient medical record in which nurses and other healthcare providers document times and dates when a medication was administered to the patient
Medication error Any error ocurring in the medication use process
Medication order A written, electonic, telephone, or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient settings.
Medication therapy management (MTM) A service or qroup of services that optimize therapeutic outcomes for a patient.
National Drug Code (NDC) Number A unique number assigned to each dru, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification.
Ointment A semisolid medication dosage form, applied to the skin or mucous membranes, which lubricates and softens or is used as a base for drug delivery
Over-the-Counter (OTC) drugs Drugs that are avaible without a presription
Parenteral A route of medication administration that bypassess the gastrointestinal tract, such as intravenous, intramuscular, or subcuntaneous administration.
Parent counseling The act of education a patient, by a pharmacist, regarding the proper use of a prescribed drug, at the time of dispensing
Patient Profile A list of information about a patient, includin name, identification number, DOB, sex, height, weight, lab values, admitting and secodnary diagnoses, room and bed number, names of admitting and consulting physicains, allergies, medical history,and etc.
Pharmacist A health care professional licensed by the state to engage inthe patactice of pharmacy
Pharmacy satellite A physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinic services.
Practice of Pharmacy The practice of pharmacy is regulated by each state throught the pharmaacy laws and regulations
Prescription The written or verbal authorization, by an authorized prescribe, for the use of a particular pharmceutical agent for an individual patient.
Primary prescription label A label, affixed toa dispensed drug product, that containf leglly reuqired information, including pharmacy name and address, patient name, prescriber name, drug name, directions for use, and etc.
Professional A person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced specialized trainging.
Professionalism actively demonstrating the attitudes, qualities and behaviores of a professional while performing the duties of one's profession
Purchase order a document executed by a purchaser and forwarded to a supplier that is considered a legal offer to buy products or services.
Registration The rocess f making a list or being enrolled in an existing list.
STAT Abbreviation of the Latin word statim, meaning immediately; commonly used on medcation orders to indicate the need for the drug right away
Stock rotaton placing the products that will expire the soonest int he front of the shelf or bin and those with late experiation dates behind them
Subcutaneous Depending in the tissue just under the skin
Sublingual Placed under the tongue, where it dissolvess and it absorbed into the bloodstream.
Suspension A mixture of fine particles of an undissolved solid spread throughut a liquid or, less commonly, a gas
Technicain An individual skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of a profession. They help assits the pharmaicists by performing routine, day-to-day functions that don't have to be checked by the pharmacist.
Topical Applied to the skin, mucous membranes, or ther external parts of the body, such as fingernails, toenails, and hair
Transdermal Through the skin; percutneous
Unit dose distrubtion system A system that provides all or most medications to patints in an unit dose ready-to-administer form
Unit-does package A non-reusable container designed to hold a quantity of drug to be administered as a single dose.
Wholesaler A large-scale warehouse with drugs and supplieas located in various geograhic egoins that exist to help bring pharmaceutical products closer to the market.
Created by: sorayac_