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Theology

Jesus Yesterday and Today

TermDefinition
a belief in a god.
monotheism a belief in one god
polytheism a belief in many gods
pantheism a belief that everything is a god
panentheism a belief that the being of god is in the universe but that god is more than the universe. Catholic theology would recognize this as sacramentality.
Atheism no belief in a god or gods
agnostic no knowledge of god. there could be a god or there may not be.
trinity the unique christian belief that god is triune: three persons in one god. Father (creator) Son, holy spirit.
Matthew a tax collector who was called by Jesus to be one of the twelve tradition makes the two the same man.
Mark possibly a coworker of Paul and Barnabas. Wrote first canonical gospel.
Luke a non-eyewitness to the life of Jesus who wrote a gospel of outreach to the marginalize. "Acts of the Apostles"
Joseph husband of Mary who is considered righteous because he did not divorce her when it was discovered that she was pregnant.
Jesus Yahweh saves. and is given by the angel at the announcement of birth.
Gabriel Name of messenger angel who announced the birth of jesus to mary.
Herod the Great the jewish vassal kind of Judea at the time of Jesus' birth. Ruled 40-4 BCE. Very powerful and cruel
Magi astologers or wise men from the east who followed a star and came to Bethlehem to pay tribute to the new born king.
Shepherds the visitors who came from the fields to see the baby jesus.
Pontius Pilate roman governor who sentenced Jesus to death on the cross
Good Samaritan her in the parable of jesus about a man who is robbed and injured. he has become an icon of charitable actions toward others.
Paschal Mystery from the Greek for "Passover" it refers to the who salvation event of the life, death and resurrection of Jesus. More specifically it is a collective term for the crucifixion, death and resurrection of jesus.
Torah The Jewish Law, first five books of the bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy.)
Sermon on the Mount The first of Matthews five discourses which contains the core of the teachings of Jesus.
3 ways of Piety prayer, fasting, alms giving
Beatitudes comes from the latin beata meaning "blessed" The nine blessed statements found at the beginning of the sermon on the Mount parallel the Ten Commandments.
Golden Rule Do to others whatever you would have them do to you.
Parables Stories told by Jesus with strong moral lessons.
Infancy Narratives Stories regarding the birth of Jesus found only in the canonical gospels of matthew and Luke and in some of the apocryphal gospels such as the Protevangelium of James.
Apology a form of literature written to defend a position, viewpoint or way of life. Luke repeatedly demonstrates that Christians pose no threat to Roman governmental authorities.
The Bible Old testament 46 books in catholic bibles; 39 in protestant bibles.
Old Testament the story of the hebrew people, now known as jews.
New testament the story of jesus and the writings of the early first century church
Gospel "good news" an interpretation of the life, death and resurrection of Jesus as seen through the needs of the community and the theology of the evangelist.
Canonical Gospels Matthew, Mark Luke and John
Synoptic Gospels Matthew, Mark, and Kuke
Acts a narrative/story about the early apostolic church: includes the communal life of the early preaching about jesus and teachings of the new religious sect.
Created by: estorey0174
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