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World History: Unit3

Sydney Huynh

TermDefinition
Pilgrim Some one wh journeys to a sacred place as an act of religious devotion
Qin Dynasty Unified China after the fall of Zhou Dynasty although short lived famous for starting the Great Wall project
Qin Shiuangdi First ruler and creator of the Qin Dynasty. In 1974, his clay army was found near his tomb
Dao or Tao is a philosophical construct that means "the way"
Hinduism A complex of beliefs and values and customs including worship of many gods especially the Trimurti composed of Brahma the Creator; Vishnu the Preserver; and Shiva the Destroyer
Asoka ruler of the Maurya empire who gave up war, converted to Buddhism, and vowed to rule peacefully
India's Golden Age A time of classical civilization during the Gupta Empire in India when scientific and philosophical advances were achieved that are still used today
Aryabhata India's first great astronomer understood how the earth moves on its axis and calculate pi to five digits
Daoism philosophical system developed by Lao-Tzu and Chuang-Tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
Confucianism The teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity; high value given to learning and to devotion to family (including ancestors); peace; justice; influenced the traditional culture of China
Pictographs pictures used in place of words
Silk road a land trade route that linked China with Europe
Faxian A Buddist monk from China that traveled to India in search of documents about Buddha. He recorded historical evidence about life in India during the Gupta empire
Legalism people are basically bad; rule by strict laws; required obedience to strict laws and harsh punishments
Mandate of Heaven support that the power of heaven gave to a Chinese emperor who ruled well
Buddihism Religion started by Siddhartha Gautama and adopted by Asoka
Ideographs characters that combine two or more pictographs to represent an idea
Civil Service government jobs to which people are appointed rather than elected
Bhaga Vadgita A sermon by the god Krishna on the eve of battle as recorded in one of India's most famous books the Mahabharata
Zhou The imperial dynasty of China from 1122 to 221 BC; notable for the rise of Confucianism and Taoism
Pi 3.14159265359
Created by: 05sydhuy