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Spelling & Reverse Definitions

adenopathy Disease of a gland
agranuloctye Type of WBC without granules
anemia Reduction in the number of circulating RBC
antiserum Blood serum that contains antibodies
autoimmune disease Failure of the body to accurately distinguish between what is "self" and what is "non-self"
basophil Leukocyte that releases histamines and heparin; slightly phagocyic
blood Composed of liquid portion called plasma and solid portion containing RBCs, WBCs and platelets
dyspnea Difficulty breathing
edema Abnormal accumulation of fluids in the intercellular spaces of the body
eosinophil Leukocyte that protects the body by releasing toxins to destroy harmful invaders
erythema Redness of the skin
erythrocyte Mature red blood cell
erythrocytolysis Destruction of red blood cells
erythropenia Decreased red blood cells
granulocyte Type of WBC containing granules; formed in the red bone marrow
hematopoiesis Formation of blood cells and platelets in the bone marrow
hemocytoblasy Stem cell, from which other blood cells deelop
hemoglobin A specialized plasma protein containing iron which gives blood its red colour and also carries oxygen to body tissues
hemophilia A hereditary disorder in which there is an impairment of the blood clotting mechanism
hemosiderosis Abnormal increase of iron in the blood
hypochromic Pertaining to decrease of colour
hypotension Low blood pressure
immunologist One who specializes in the study of protection
leukocyte WBC; prevents invasion of foreign microorganisms
leukocytosis Abnormal increase of white cells
leukopenia Decrease in WBCs.
lymphocytes WBC in blood and lymphatis tissues; provides protection from bacteria
lymphoma Tumor of lymph tissue
megakaryoctye Cell with a large nucleus; fragments become platelets
monocyte Leukocyte that is phagocytic; has large nucleus
morphology The study of shape
myeloblast Embryonic WBC formed in bone marrow
myeloid Resembling bone marrow
myeloid tissue Tissue which resembles the myelocyte of bone marrow
neutrophil The most numerous white cell, highly phagocytic
phagocytosis Condition of ingesting cells
phlebotomy Obtaining blood for the purpose of testing
plasma The liquid portion of the blood where blood cells are suspended
reticulocyte Immature RBC
splenomegaly Enlargement of the spleen
tachycardia Rapid heart beat
thrombocyte Platelet; initiates blood clotting
thrombocytopenia Decrease of platelets
thrombolysis Destruction of a clot
thymectomy Removal/exision of the thymus gland
vertigo Dizziness
viscous Thick, sticky
immunocompetent Ability to develop an immune response or recognize antigens and respond to them
DIC - disseminated intravascular coagulation Abnormal activation of the proteins involved in blood coagulation, causing small blood clots to form in vessels and cutting off the supply of oxygen to distal tissues
lymphadenopathy Any disease of the lymph nodes
hemoglobinopathy Any disorder caused by abnormalities in the hemoglobin molecule
immunotherapy Any form of treatment that alters, enhances, stimulates or restores the body's natural immune mechanisms to treat disease
von Willebrand disease Bleeding disorder cause by a deficiency of von Willebrand factor, a "sticky" protein that lines blood vessels and reacts with platelets to form a plug that leads to clot formation
cytokine Chemical substance produced by certain cells that initiates, inhibits, increases or decreases activity of other cells
pernicious anemia Chronic, progressive anemia found mostly in people older than 50 due to lack of sufficient Vitamin B12 needed for blood cell development
GVHD -graft-versus-host disease Complication that occurs following a stem cell or bone marrow transplant in which the transplant produces antibodies against recipient's organs that can be severe enough to cause death
antimicrobials Destroy bacteria, fungi and protozoa, depending on the particular drug, generally by interfering with the functions of their cell membrane or their reproductive cycle
hemolytic anemia Destruction of RBCs, commonly resulting in jaundice
thrombolytics Dissolve blood clots by destroying their fibrin strands
bone marrow MRI Highly sensitive imaging procedure that detects lesions and changes in bone tissue and bone marrow, especially in multiple myeloma
allergy injections Injection with increasing strength of the offending antigen given over a period of months or years to increase tolerance to an antigen responsible for severe allergies
folic-acid deficiency anemia Inability to produce sufficient red blood cells due to lack of folic acid, a B vitamin essential for erythropoiesis
transfusion Infusion of blood or blood products from one person to another
homologous BM transplant Infusion of bone marrow or stem cells from a compatible donor after a course of chemotherapy and /or radiation; also called allogenic transplant
bone marrow transplant Infusion of healthy bone marrow stem cells after the diseased bone marrow is destroyed by chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy; used to treat leukemia, aplastic anemia and certain cancers
autologous BM transplant Infusion of the patient's own bone marrow or stem cells after a course of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy
sickle cell anemia Inherited anemia that causes RBCs to become crescent or sickle-shaped when oxygen levels are low
lymphoscintigraphy Introduction of a radioactive tracer into the lymph channels to determine lymph flow, identify obstruction and locate the sentinel node
iron-deficiency anemia Lack of sufficient iron in RBCs
hematoma Localized accumulation of blood, usually clotted, in an organ, space or tissue due to a break in or severing of a blood vessel
multiple myeloma Malignant tumor or plasma cells in the bone marrow
antifibrinolytics Neutralize fibrinolytic chemicals in the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and urinary tract to prevent the breakdown of blood clots
monospot test Nonspecific rapid serological test for the presence of the heterophile antibody, which develops several days after injection by Epstein-Barr virus, the organism that caused infectious mononucleosis
thrombocythemia Overproduction of platelets, leading to thrombosis or bleeding disorders due to platelet malformations
sepsis Presence of bacteria or their toxins in the blood; also called septicemia or blood poisoning
fat-soluble vitamins Prevent and treat bleeding disorders resulting from a lack of prothrombin, which is commonly caused by vitamin K deficiency
anticoagulants Prevent blood clot formation by inhibiting the synthesis or inactivating one or more clotting factors
antivirals Prevent replication of viruses within host cells
graft rejection Process in which a recipient's immune system attacks a transplanted organ or tissue
Ab -antibody Protective protein produced by B lymphocytes in response to the presence of a foreign substance called an antigen
bone marrow aspiration Removal of a small sample of bone marrow using a thin aspirating needle for microscopic examination
lymphadenectomy Removal of lymph nodes, especially in surgical procedures undertaken to remove malignant tissue
sentinel node excision Removal of the first lymph node that receives drainage from cancer-containing areas and the one most likely to contain malignant cells
CBC -complete blood count Series of tests that includes hemoglobin; hematocrit; read and white blood cell counts; platelet counts; and differential count; also called hemogram
aplastic enemia Serious forma of anemia associated with bone marrow failure and resulting in erythropenia, leukopenia and thrombocytopenia
NK -natural killer cells Specialized lymphocytes that kill abnormal cells by releasing chemicals that destroy the cell membrane, causing its intercellular fluids to leak out
antigen Substance, recognized as harmful to the host, that stimulates formation of antibodies in an immunocompetent individual
bile pigment Substances derived from the breakdown of hemoglobin and excreted by the liver
lymphedema Swelling, primarily in a single arm or leg, due to an accumulation of lymph within tissues caused by obstruction or disease in the lymph vessels
PTT - partial thromboplastin time Test that measures the length of time it takes blood to clot to screen for deficiencies of some clotting factors; also called activated partial thromboplastin time
PT - prothrombin time Test that measures the time it takes for prothrombin to form a clot; also called pro time
blood culture Test to determine the presence of pathogens in the bloodstream
shilling test Test used to diagnose pernicious anemia by determining if the body properly absorbs Vitamin B12 through the digestive tract
ANA - antinuclear antibody Test to identify antibodies that attack the nucleus of the individual's own body cells
biological Use of immune system stimulators to enhance the immune response in the treatment of certain forms of cancer, rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn disease; also called biologic therapy or biotherapy
lymphangiography Visualization of lymphatic channels and lymph nodes using a contrast medium to determine blockages or other pathologies of the lymph system
SLE - systemic lupus erythematosus Widespread autoimmune disease that may affect the skin, brain, kidneys and joints and causes chronic inflammation; also called discoid lupus if symptoms are limited to the skin
Created by: Barbara Ross