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What does mode of transportation mean? organism needs transportation to the new host
Direct Contact (mode of transportation) person to person
Indirect Contact (mode of transportation) person to object to person
droplet transmission (mode of transportation) coughs & sneezes
vehicle route (mode of transportation) transmission via food, water, blood or bodily fluids
airborne transmission (mode of transportation) dust, evaporates droplets in the air, airborne particles of hair, skin, ventailation
vector transmission (mode of transportation) birds, animals, insects
normal flora (type of microorganism) microorganisms normally present in the body; do not cause disease; nonpathogenic
bacteria (type of microorganism) single-celled organism; nonpathogenic; multiply by cell division
viruses (type of microorganism) very small organism; need host cell to multiply; cannot live on their own
fungi (type of microorganism) single-celled; uses spores to reproduce
protozoa (type of microorganism) single-celled organism; found mostly in contaminated water and sewage systems
How should you treat someone with HIV/AIDS? with Respect, Acceptance, Warmth, Empathy, Dignity
What are standard precautions? guidelines to protect from cross contamination with PPE (personal protective equipment)
What are the contraindications for MMR? Sensitivity to eggs or neomycin, Immunoglobulins, Pregnancy
What is a pathogen? a microorganism that causes disease
What is chemical disinfection used for? heat sensitive equipment
What is medical asepsis? killing germs after they leave the body
What is surgical asepsis? aka sterilization; destroy all pathogens before they enter the body
What is the most effective method of preventing the spread of infectious organisms? handwashing
Why do vaccines work? the body responds in the same manner to an antigen
What does the chain of infection mean? the links in the chain of infection; if a link is broken in the chain it doesn't work
How can AIDS be transmitted? unprotected sexual intercourse; shared needles; contaminated equipment for tattooing, piercing, acupuncture; injury from a needle or shared instrument with contaminated blood
What is the universal disinfectant? bleach or javex
What is postexposure phophylaxis treatment after exposure to pathogen; any preventative medical treatment started immediately afater
Created by: deyoht_kwa