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social study

6th grade chapter 3

Fertile crescent the region of the Middle East that stretches in a large, crescent-shaped curve from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea. It included Mesopotamia.
Mesopotamia a wide, flat plain in present day Iraq. It lies between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates. Mesopotamia means, “Land between two rivers”.
irrigate To supply water to the crops.
city-state it’s an independent state that includes a city and its surrounding territory.
barter is a trading system in which people exchange goods directly without using money.
polytheist The belief in more than one god
Ziggurat Pyramid-shaped temples in larger Sumerian cities.
cuneiform System of writing that uses triangular-shaped symbols to stand for ideas or things.
Mesopotamia means “land between two rivers”
empire A state containing several countries or territories.
ally an independent state that works with others states to achieve military or political goal.
culturla trait an idea or way of doing things that is common to a certain culture.
Hammurabi's code a set of laws that governed life in the Babylonian empire.
Rule of law The idea that all members of society must obey the law.
cavalry Soldiers who fight while riding horses
standing army is a permanent army of professional soldiers.
tribute is payment made to show loyalty to a stronger power
currency Currency- is money that is used as a medium of exchange, usually bills or coins
stele a carved stone slab or pillar that stands on end.
import A. Import- It is a good or service sold within a country that is produced in another country
export B. Export- it is a good or service produced within a country and sold outside the country’s borders
Navigation The art of steering a ship from place to place.
colony it is an area ruled by a distant country.
cultural diffusion is the spreading of cultural traits from one region to another.
alphabet is a small set of letters or symbols, each of which stands for a single sound.
Created by: maricelismd