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Chapter 5 vocabulary

TermDefinition
shrine An area dedicated to honor a god or goddess
fresco Watercolor paintings on wet plaster.
strait A narrow water passage.
polis City-state.
acropolis Atop the city.
monarchy Rule by king.
aristocracy Rule by elite (landowners).
oligarchy Rule by few (business class).
phalanx Massive formation of foot soldiers.
helot State-owned slaves (Sparta).
democracy Rule by people.
tyrant One who gains power by force.
legislature "Law" making body.
alliance formal agreement between two nations
direct democracy large number of citizens with direct role
stipend fixed salary
jury panel of citizens in a trial
ostracism vote to banish
logic rational thinking
rhetoric public speaking
tragedy play of human suffering ending in disaster
comedy humorous play that made fun of people or customs
assassination murder of public figure
assimilate to absorb
heliocentric sun is center
Created by: daviddunham