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Fisher Global People

Global Studies Regents Review Important People

TermDefinition
Saddam Hussein Former dictator of Iraq. Started Persian Gulf War by invading Kuwait. Hanged for crimes against humanity.
Pancho Villa General during the Mexican revolution.
Porfirio Diaz Former president of Mexico.
Catherine the Great Enlightened ruler of Russia. Later became more oppressive and dictatorial.
Otto von Bismarck German Chancellor who helped unify Germany into a large empire
Rudyard Kipling Wrote "The White Man's Burden" about imperialism
Sun Yat-sen Chinese revolutionary, helped overthrow the last dynasty and became first president of China
Chiang Kai-shek Became leader of China after death of Sun Yat-sen
Jiang Jieshi Alternative spelling of Chiang Kai-shek, leader of China after death of Sun Yat-sen
FW deKlerk Former president of South Africa. Helped end apartheid
Pol Pot Communist dictator of Cambodia, leader of the Khmer Rouge
Tokugawa Shogun who united warring Japanese landowners, the last feudal military government before the Meiji Restoration.
Shah Reza Pahlavi Last monarch of Iran before Islamic Revolution
Adolf Hitler Leader of the Nazi party and fascist dictator of Germany before and during WWII. Committed genocide against Jews
Kwame Nkrumah First president of Ghana after its independence from England in 1957
Winston Churchill Prime Minister of Great Britain. Helped lead Britain to victory in WWII. Coined the term Iron Curtain
Bernardo O'Higgins Independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule
Archduke Franz Ferdinand Heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. His assassination started WWI
Augusto Pinochet Dictator of Chile. Faced hundreds of criminal charges for human rights violations
Vladimir Putin Current President of Russia. Recently annexed Crimea.
Archbishop Desmond Tutu South African social rights activist who opposed apartheid
Slobodan Milosevic Former president of Serbia who committed ethnic cleansing, massacre of 6-7,000 Bosnians
Count Camillo di Cavour (1810-61) Prime Minister of Sardinia, an Italian State. Formed alliances to end foreign control and unify Italy.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau Enlightenment philosopher who wrote The Social Contract. Believed in the will of the majority for the common good of all
Emperor Hirohito Leader of Japan during WWII
Theodor Herzl Supported of Zionism (creation of a homeland for Jews)
Czar Nicholas II Last emperor of Russia. Lost popularity due to losing Russo-Japanese War, Bloody Sunday, and losses during WWI.
Benito Mussolini Fascist dictator of Italy during WWII era
Jomo Kenyatta Independence leader and first president of Kenya
Mao Zedong Communist dictator of China, instituted Great Leap Forward to modernize economy
Zheng He Chinese fleet admiral whose sailing voyages
Karl Marx Creator of the theory of communism. Wrote the Communist Manifesto
Vladimir Lenin Leader of the Russian Revolution. Created the communist Soviet Union.
Fidel Castro Former Communist dictator of Cuba. Allied with Soviet Union. Conflicts: Bay of Pigs invasion, Cuban Missile Crisis.
Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) Emperor of France. Conquered most of Europe, invasion weakened by attacking Russia in winter
Emperor Meiji Leader of Japan who modernized the nation
Jawaharlah Nehru India's first Prime Minister
Martin Luther Catholic monk. Wrote the 95 Theses criticizing the Catholic church
Simon Bolivar Latin American revolutionary leader, ended Spanish colonialism in much of South America including Bolivia
Deng Xiaoping Communist leader of China know for Tiananmen Square Massacre
Touissant L'Ouverture Leader of the Haitian Revolution
Emiliano Zapata Leader of the Mexican Revolution
Mikhail Gorbachev Last Soviet dictator. Implemented the reforms of perestroika and glasnost
Jose de San Martin Latin American revolutionary leader of Argentina
Kemal Ataturk (1881-1938) Nationalist leader of Turkey, responsible for modernizing and westernizing his country after World War I.
John Locke Enlightenment philosopher who supported natural rights, separation of powers, and the right of revolution
Nikita Krushchev Leader of the Soviet Union during the Cuban Missile Crisis
Friedrich Engels Co-writer The Communist Manifesto" with Karl Marx
Louis XIV Divine right monarch of France. Known as the Sun King, he had the Palace of Versailles built
Sir Isaac Newton Scientist who formulated the laws of motion during the Scientific Revolution
Baron de Montesquieu Enlightenment philosopher, government should be divided into three branches with a system of checks and balances
Adam Smith Wrote The Wealth of Nations supporting capitalism/free market as the best form of economy
Joseph Stalin Communist dictator of the Soviet Union. Created the Five Year Plans to increase agriculture and heavy industry
Kim Jong Il Communist dictator of North Korea
Ho Chi Minh Communist dictator of North Vietnam
Ayatollah Khomeini Islamic religious leader who led a fundamentalist revolution in Iran in 1979. Ruled until 1989.
Aung San Suu Kyi Leader of the National League for Democracy political party in Burma/Myanmar
Lech Walesa Leader of the Solidarity trade union in Poland and civil rights advocate
Robespierre French revolutionary leader who led the Reign of Terror
Mohandas Gandhi Indian non-violent independence leader who opposed British imperialism and the caste system. Known for Salt March
Thomas Hobbes Wrote Leviathan in support of absolutism as the best form of government
Kaiser Wilhelm II Last German emperor. Led Germany into WWI.
Guiseppe Garibaldi Italian general who helped reunite Italy. Leader of the Red Shirts
Created by: fisher_lisa