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World History

"The Middle Ages" Topic 4

Clovis Warrior king of the Franks
Medival Referring to the Middle Ages in Europe or the period of history between ancient and modern times
Franks A confederation of Germanic tribes occupying land in the Lower and Middle Rhine called Gaul (currently France).
Charles Martel Frankish king who restored a centralized government and began the series of military campaigns that re-established the Franks as the undisputed masters of all Gaul
Battle of Tours Battle in 732 in which the Christian Franks led by Charles Martel defeated Muslim armies and stopped the Muslim advance into Europe
Charlemagne Charles Martel's grandson and Frankish king who assisted Pope Leo III and reached the height of his power after he was crowned by the Pope as the emperor of the Roman Empire.
Feudalism Loosely organized system of government in which local lords (Vassals) governed their own lands but owed military service and other supplies to a greater lord
Vassels In medieval Europe a lord who was granted land in exchange for a service to a greater lord
Feudal Contract Exchange of pledges between lords and vassals
Fief An estate granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for service and loyalty
Chivalry Code of conduct for Knights during the Middle Ages
Manor A lords estate, which included one or more villages and the surrounding lands
Serfs A peasant bound to the lord's land
Benedict Rule Rules drawn up in 530 by Benedict that regulated monastic life.
Canon Law Body of laws of a church
Excommunication Exclusion from the Roman Catholic Church as a penalty for refusing to obey church law
William the Conqueror
Common Law A legal system based on custom and court rulings
King John
Magna Carta The great charter approved by King John of England in 1215; it limited royal power and established certain rights of English freemen
Due Process of Law The requirement that the government act fairly and in accordance with established rules in all that it does
Habeas Corpus Principal that a person cannot be held in prison without first being charged with a specific crime
Parliament The legislature of England, and later of Great Britain
Crusades A series of wars from the 1000s through 1200s in which European Christians tried to win control of the Holy Land from Muslims
Created by: Mr. Peirce