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Spelling (Luke Matthews)

abscess an abscess is a collection of pus in any part of the body that, in most cases, causes swelling and inflammation around it
adolescence the period following the onset of puberty during which a young person develops from a child into an adult, commonly referred to as between the ages of 13 and 19
alimentation giving or receiving nourishment, by IV, oral, rectally, and/or injection
alopecia alopecia simply means hair loss (baldness)
alzheimer Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, a neurologic disease characterized by loss of mental ability, interferes with normal activities of daily living, occurs in old age. loss of abilities to function reason, and remember
analyze to examine methodically by separating into parts and studying their interrelations
aneurysm a localized, pathological, blood-filled dilation of a blood vessel caused by a disease or weakening of the vessel's wall
anorexia loss of appetite, especially as a result of disease
arrhythmia any abnormality in the rhythm of the heartbeat; also referred to as dysrhythmia
ascites an abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity
asphyxia condition caused by insufficient intake of O2
asystole cardiac standstill; absence of electrical activity & contractions of the heart evidenced on the surface ECG as a flat line during cardiac arrest
auscultation listening for sounds within the body, esp. from the chest, neck, or abdomen; typically a stethoscope is used
callus refers to callosity which is a circumscribed thickening & hypertrophy of the horny layer of skin; maybe oval or elongated, gray or brown, slightly elevated. appears on hands/feet, caused by friction
catheter a tube passed within the body for evacuating fluids or injecting them into body cavities. It may be made of elastic, elastic web, rubber, glass, metal, or plastic.
caucasian of or relating to the white race as defined by law specifically as composed of person of European, North African, or southwest Asian ancestry
chickenpox an acute contagious disease especially of children marked by low-grade fever and formation of vesicles and caused by a herpes virus - also known as varicella
cirrhosis widespread disruption of normal liver structure of fibrosis and the formation of regenerative nodules that is caused by any of various chronic progressive conditions affecting the liver (as long-term alcohol abuse or hepatitis)
curettage a surgical scraping or cleaning by means of an instrument called a curette
decubitus an ulceration of tissue deprived of adequate blood supply by prolonged pressure also known as a bed sore or decubitus ulcer
diabetes mellitus a variable disorder of carbohydrate metabolism caused by a combination of hereditary and environmental factors and usually characterized by inadequate secretion or utilization of insulin, by excessive urine production, by excessive amounts of sugar
diaphoresis profuse perspiration
diaphragm a body partition of muscle and connective tissue; specifically: the partition separating the chest and abdominal cavities in mammals
dilatation the condition of being stretched beyond normal dimensions especially as a result of overwork or disease or of abnormal relaxation
diptheria an acute febrile contagious disease typically marked by the formation of a false membrane especially in the throat and caused by a bacterium of the genus corynebacterium which produces a toxin causing inflammation of the heart and nervous system
eczema a general term for an itchy red rash that initially weeps or oozes serum and may become crusted, thickened or scaly. Eczema may result from various causes, including allergies, irritating chemicals, drugs, scratching or rubbing the skin, or sun exposure.
effusion escape of fluid into a part, as the pleural cavity, such as pus, serum, lymph, air, or a combination
elicit to draw forth, or bring out.
epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis: a small oblong resting on and beside the posterior surface of the testis: the first part of the secretory duct of each testi
fascia a fibrous membrane covering, supporting and separating muscles; the subcutaneous tissue that connects the skin to the muscles
flaccid lacking firmness, resilience, or muscle tone. soft and limp; not firm; flabby
gallbladder the gallbladder is a small pouch that sits just under the liver. the gallbladder stores bile produced by the liver. after meals, the gallbladder is empty and flat, like a deflated balloon. before a meal, the gallbladder may be full of bile
gangrene gangrene is the death of tissue in part of the body. gangrene happens when a body part loses its blood supply. this may happen from injury, an infection, or other causes. sometimes leads to amputation of a body part
gauge normally refers to an instrument used for means of measuring or testing
gonorrhea gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) or STD (sexually transmitted disease)
hemoptysis hemoptyis is the spitting of blood that originated in the lungs or bronchial tubes
hemorrhoid painful, swollen veins in the lower portion of the rectum or anus, (can be internal or external) very common, especially during pregnancy and after childbirth: result from increased pressure in the veins of the anus. The pressure causes the veins to swell
humerus the humerus is the arm bone (most people call the upper arm bone) it has action at the shoulder joint and at the elbow joints (two at the elbow)
hygiene hygiene refers to conditions and practices that help maintain health and prevent the spread of diseases
icterus AKA jaundice is a yellow color of the skin, mucus membranes, or eyes. The yellow coloring comes from bilirubin, a byproduct of old red blood cells. Jaundice can be a symptom of other health problems
inoculate to introduce immunologically active material (as an antibody or antigen) into especially in order to treat or prevent a disease <inoculate children against diptheria>
intraocular implanted in, occurring within, or administered by entering the eyeball
intussuception the slipping of a length of intestine into adjacent portion usually producing obstruction; the deposition of new particles of formative material among those already embodied in a tissue or structure (as in the growth of living organisms
ischemia deficient supply of blood to a body part (as the heart or brain) that is due to obstruction of the inflow of arterial blood (as by the narrowing of arteries by spasm or disease
melanin any various of black, dark brown, reddish brown, or yellow pigments of animal or plant structures (as skin, hair, the choroid, or a raw potato when exposed to air)
menstruation "to discharge menses" The cyclic, hormonal generated sloughing of the uterine endometrium, between puberty and menopause; bloody vaginal discharge
oophorectomy excision (surgical removal) of an ovary
ophthalmology study of the eye(s) and their diseases
orthopnea labored breathing with lying flat, relieved by sitting upright (symptom of heart failure)
pacemaker an artificial device for stimulating the heart muscle and regulating its contractions OR the part of the heart muscle (the sinoatrial node) that normally performs this role
peritoneum the peritoneal membrane is a semi-permeable membrane that lines the abdominal wall and covers the abdominal organs
peroneal of or relating to the fibula or to the outer portion of the leg
prothesis providing realistic custom prosthetics for patients with anatomical loss due to trauma, disease, or congenital conditions
prostate the prostate is a walnut-sized located between the bladder and the penis, just in front of the rectum. the urethra runs through the center of the prostate, from the bladder to the penis, letting urine flow out of the body
protocol 1. the rules of correct or appropriate behavior of a group, organization, or profession 2. a written record or preliminary draft of a treaty or other agreement
pruritus pruritus is a skin condition in which a person faces severe impulse to itch.
rhythm rhythm is the alternation of elements, often with defined intervals between them
sagittal 1. of or relating to to the suture uniting the two parietal bones of the skull 2. a longitudinal plane that divides the body of a bilaterally symmetrical animal into right and left sections
sedentary a sedentary lifestyle is a type of lifestyle with no or irregular physical activity
sequela 1. an aftereffect of disease, condition, or injury 2. a secondary result
sieve a meshed or perforated device for separating fine particles from coarser ones
spleen the spleen is a lymphatic organ interposed in the blood stream. the surface projection of the longitudinal axis of the spleen is the tenth rib
splenectomy removal of the spleen through several small incisions
supersede to replace in power, authority, effectiveness, acceptance, use, etc., as by another person or thing
syncope the medical term for fainting or passing out
syphilis syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the spirochete bacterium Trepone
tonsils your tonsils and adenoids are part of your lymphatic system. your tonsils are in the back of your throat. your adenoids are higher up, behind your nose
tonsillectomy surgical removal of the tonsils
tricuspid 1. having three cusps or joints, such as a tooth 2. tricuspid valve - located between the right atrium and right ventricle of the heart
ventricle the two lower chambers of the heart; there is a right and left ventricle of the heart
palliative palliative care is specialized medical care for people with serious illnesses. It focuses on providing patients with relief from the symptoms, pain, and stress of a serious illness whatever the diagnosis
palpate to palpate is to examine with the hands, by pressing. your doctor might palpate your abdomen if you have a pain in your stomach
palpitation palpitation is an abnormality of heartbeat that ranges from often unnoticed skipped beats or accelerated heart rate
perineum the area between the anus and the scrotum in the male between the anus and the vulva (labial opening to the vagina) in the female
perisosteum dense fibrous membrane covering the surfaces of bones, consisting of an outer fibrous layer and an inner cellular layer
Created by: lukematthews