Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

BISAPW Unit 2

Baku International School AP World History 2014-15 Unit 2

QuestionAnswer
Chandra Gupta II was the ruler right after Samudra he continued the work of Samudra and had similar plans 375-415 CE India 2 9/212 Lydia
Kanishka most powerful of the Kushan emperors under his rule; the Kushan empire expanded to Pakistan; Afghanistan; and northern India 78-103 CE India 2 9/212 Lydia
Vardhamana Mahavira teacher of Jainism was the main reason for the spread and the popularity of Jainism late 6th century BCE India 2 9/ Lydia
Siddharta Gautama a man who seeked enlightenment and later became Buddha he spread the idea of Buddhism 563 BCE India 2 9/ Lydia
Confucius Chinese thinker that taught principles of ren; li; xiao; and created Confucianism influenced Chinese society and education system of Han dynasty 551-479 BCE Lu; Northern China 2 8/182-185 Canfer
Mecius learned man that places importance on virtue of ren and acted as adviser passed around Confucian thought to important people 379-289 BCE China 2 8/185 Canfer
Xunzi man that emphasized li and advocated having strict standards and harsh punishments promoted a rougher and more pessimistic side of Confucianism that might have made people that thought Mecius was too optimistic change their minds 298-238 BCE China 2 8/185-186 Canfer
Laozi a sage that created Daoism created a whole new philosophy that many people accepted into their lives 600-501 BCE China 2 8/186 Canfer
Zhuangzi author of Zhuangi; that provided good reasons for Daoist views Made the daoist philosophy more popular and believable 369-286 BCE China 2 8/186 Canfer
Shang Yang chief minister that wrote The Book of Lord Shang; one of the most important legalist doctrines important contributor to the Legalist philosophy; that would restore unified China 390-338 BCE China 2 8/188 Canfer
Ban Zhao woman that wrote Admonitions for Women emphasized how obedient and submissive women had to act in Chinese society 45-116 CE Han Dynasty; China 2 8/197 Canfer
Han Feizi synthesized legalist ideas into well-argued essays defended Legalist thought and created one of first doctrines 280-233 BCE China 2 8/189 Canfer
Qin Shihuangdi creator of Qin empire; first Legalist ruler created a unified and stable China 260-210 BCE China 2 8/190-193 Canfer
Liu Bang emperor of the new Han dynasty lead way for one of the most influential chinese dynasties and centralized china 256-195 BCE Jiangsu; China 2 8/193-194 Canfer
Han Wudi emperor of Hans that ruled w/ administrative centralization and tried to expand his empire created Confucian education system and expanded empire to vietnam and korea 156-87 BCE Chang'an; China 2 8/195-197 Canfer
Maodun ruler of Xiongnu; who were nomadic peopple from Central Asia trained tough soldiers and made his clan powerful 234-174 BCE Mongolia 2 8/196 Canfer
Wang Mang man that served as regent for 2 year old boy; then took over "created a split in han dynasty and tried to impose ""socialist"" ways of splitting up land; split weakened future Han empire" 45 BCE- 23 CE China 2 8/200-201 Canfer
Luoyang throughout later Hand the capital was moved there cosmopolitan city important through chinese history 25-220 C.E China 2 8/194 Giorgia Monsi
Chang'an """costant peace"" city in xin dynasty" 25-220 C.E China 2 8/194 and 201 Giorgia Monsi
Huang He River Yellow River; 3rd longest river in asia important water source and transportation 500 B.C.E- 500 C.E China 2 8/190 GIorgia Monsi
Chang Jian River Yangtze river; longest river in asia provided transport and water supply 500 B.C.E- 500 C.E China 2 8/190 GIorgia Monsi
Han Empire imperial dynasty in China built centrralized bureaucracy; unified empire; 206 B.C.E- 220 C.E China 2 8/193-203 Giorgia Monsi
Xiongnu Confederation nomadic people; speaking turkish; around mongolia threatened han; han took over 210- 174 B.C.E China 2 8/194- 197 Giorgia Monsi
Gobi Desert largest desert n Asia north of China isolated and protected China 500 B.C.E- 500 C.E North of China 2 8/190 Giorgia Monsi
Korea part of Xiognu Confedertation was later taken over 210- 174 B.C.E north east of China 2 8/196 Giorgia Monsi
Confucianism ethical and philosophical system created by Confucius was taught and used in Zhou Dynasty 551 B.C.E- onwards China 2 8/182-184 Giorgia Monsi
Junzi Superior individuals these people were educated and conscienetious who were fair in the government 551 B.C.E- 484 B.C.E CHina 2 8/183 Giorgia Monsi
Ren attitude of kindness and benevolence one of the important confucian values fifth century B.C.E China 2 ch. 8/ pg. 184 Giorgia Monsi
Li sense of propriety one of the important confucian values fifth century B.C.E China 2 ch. 8/ pg.185 GIorgia Monsi
Xiao family in chinese society one of the important confucian values fifth century B.C.E China 2 ch. 8/ pg. 185 Giorgia Monsi
Dao the way of nature philosophical concept widely used by many; taught how to live in harmony China 2 8/186 Giorgia Monsi
Admonitions for Women humility;obedience; and devotion to husbants taught women the appropriate virtues 206 B.C.E- 9 C.E China 2 8/197 GIorgia Monsi
Daoism Philosophical; ethical; and religious traditions; emphazises living in harmony with dao big influence on China 6th century CHina 2 8/186-187 GIorgia Monsi
Legalism categorization of any writings; philosophical ways strenghtened and expanded 280-233 B.C.E CHina 2 8/188-189 GIorgia Monsi
Wuwei the doctrine of one to live simply and in harmony with nature Daoists recognized Wuwei as the chief of moral virtue sixth century B.C.E China 2 ch.8/ pg. 186 GIorgia Monsi
Classic of Filial Piety taught children to obey and honor parents importance of filiar piety; respect han dynasty China 2 8/ 197 Giorgia Monsi
Xiongnu nomadic people; speaking turkish; around mongolia threatened han; han took over 210- 174 B.C.E China 2 8/194- 197 Giorgia Monsi
Sericulture silk farming thrived in long distance trade relations with western places fourth millenium B.C.E China 2 8/198 Giorgia Monsi
Achaemenid First great Persian Empire Demonstrated how it was possible to build and maintain a vast imperial state; inspired later efforts to establish similar large-scale imperial states based in Persia and other Eurasian lands as well 558-330 B.C.E. Persia 2 7/160-166 Sevil A.
Seleucid Persian Empire founded by Seleucus Integrated much of the territory from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indus River into a commonwealth in which peoples of different regions and ethnic groups participated in a larger economy and society 323-83 B.C.E. Persia 2 7/166 Sevil A.
Parthian Persian Dynasty that reached its peak under Mithradates I Devised an effective means to resist nomadic invasions; restored Persian traditions 247 B.C.E.-224 C.E. Persia 2 7/166-167 Sevil A.
Sasanid Persian Dynasty that would reach its peak under Shapur I and later fall to Arabic expansion Toppled the Parthians; introduced the cultivation of crops such as rice; sugarcane; citrus fruits; eggplant; and cottom 224-651 C.E. Persia 2 7/167-168 Sevil A.
Satrapy Administrative and taxasion districts governed by satraps Made it easier to govern the whole territory 521 B.C.E.-651 C.E. Persia 2 7/163 Sevil A.
Zoroastrianism Persian religion based on the teaching of prophet Zarathustra Reflected the cosmopolitan society of the empires; and it profoundly influenced the beliefs and values of Islam; Judaism; and Christianity Started sometime between late 7th- early 6th centuries B.C.E. Persia 2 7/173-176 Sevil A.
Ahura Mazda Main god of Zoroastrianism who represented truth and goodness Taught people honesty; and other good traits Persia 2 7/174 Sevil A.
Angra Mainyu An evil and malign spirit Engaged in a cosmic conflict with Ahura Mazda Persia 2 7/174 Sevil A.
Avesta Book that contains the holy writings of Zoroastrianism Shows teachings of Zarathustra Persia 2 7/174 Sevil A.
Gathas Zoroastrian hymns believed to be compositions by Zarathustra Shows teachings of Zarathustra Persia 2 7/173-174 Sevil A.
Cyrus First Achaemenid Emperor Launched the Persians' imperial venture 558-530 B.C.E. Persia 2 7/161-162 Sevil A.
Cambyses Cyrus's successor Conquered Egypt and brought its wealth into Persia 530-522 B.C.E. Persia 2 7/162 Sevil A.
Darius Greatest Achaemenid Emperor Extended the empire both east and west 521-486 B.C.E. Persia 2 7/162-164 Sevil A.
Xerxes Darius's successor Tried to impose his values on conquered lands which caused enormous ill will 486-465 B.C.E. Persia 2 7/164-165 Sevil A.
Alexander of Macedon Invaded Persia; sliced through the Persian Empire In 334 B.C.E. Persia 2 7/166 Sevil A.
Mithradates I Parthians' greatest conqueror Transformed his state into a might empire; extended Parthian rule to Mesopotamia 171-155 B.C.E. Persia 2 7/167 Sevil A.
Shapur I Sasanid Emperor Stabilized the western frontier and created a series of buffer states between themselves and the Roman empire 239-272 C.E. Persia 2 7/168 Sevil A.
Zarathustra A priest who became disenchanted with the traditional religion Created Zoroastrianism Late 7th- early 6th centuries B.C.E. Persia 2 7/173 Sevil A.
Arthashastra Kautalya's detailed polital guide on how to use power and correctly govern Chandragupta's land. Enabled a codified bureaucratic system trought the state 300 BCE India 2 9/209 Grace Gillis
Ahimsa Jainistic principle of non-violence to other living things or their souls Jainism's strict obedience to this made it an impractical religion; also present in many later religions 500 BCE India 2 9/218 Grace Gillis
Brahmins Priests; the highest caste This caste promoted social order Early centuries CE India 2 9/215 Grace Gillis
Kshatriyas Warriors and aristocrats These castes maintained social order in India Early centuries CE India 2 9/215 Grace Gillis
Vaishyas Peasants and merchants These castes maintained social order in India Early centuries CE India 2 9/215 Grace Gillis
Shudras Serfs These castes maintained social order in India Early centuries CE India 2 9/215 Grace Gillis
Jati Tight-knit subcastes of people with similar occupations Did similar jobs that a central government would; for example local affairs and outcasting; maintained social order Early centuries CE India 2 9/215 Grace Gillis
Jainism Religion made popular by Vardhamana Mahavira with roots in the Upanishads; had demanding; impractical ethics Popular in lower castes since Jains didn't believe in social distinctions 400 BCE India 2 9/218 Grace Gillis
Kushan Nomadic conquers who ruled in northern India and Central Asia; conquered by Guptas Played an impotant role in the silk roads 1-300 CE India 2 9/212 Grace Gillis
Buddhism Followers of the Buddha; they attampt or reach nirvana by following the dharma. Became popular in lower castes; gained Ashoka's support Beginning in 528 BCE India 2 9/220 Grace Gillis
Buddha Siddhartha Gautama; who became enlightened when he rejected worldly pleasures and led an ascetic life. He was the creator of Buddhism; which greatly affected their culture and social organization 563-483 BCE India 2 9/220 Grace Gillis
Mahabharata Dialogue between Arjun (a warrior) and Krishna (incarnation of Vishnu) This epic revealed Hindu values; inspired unquestioning devotion to Hinduism Early centuries CE India 2 9/225 Grace Gillis
Ramayana Love and adventure story adapted to support Hinduism This epic revealed Hindu values Early centuries CE India 2 9/225 Grace Gillis
Bhagavad Gita A short poetic work Illustrates Hindu expectations on individuals and promise of salvation 300 BCE-400 CE India 2 9/225 Grace Gillis
Artha Economic prosperity; one of the Hindu aims for human life that could lead you to Moksha Principles like this made HInduism a popular religion 300 BCE-400 CE India 2 9/226 Grace Gillis
Karma Buddhist priciples that you actions will affect your future Encouraged people to act responsibly 500 BCE India 2 9/ Grace Gillis
Persia Large empire that stretches from the Indus river to Anatolia and Egypt. It consisted of four sub-empires: Achaemenid; Seleucid; Parthian; and Sasanid. ruled for over a millenium and set a base for much of the trade and interaction throughout southwest Asia 558 BCE - 651 CE Persia 2 7/160 Lydia
Media Medes people along with the Persians were Indo-European speaking people who migrated to Persia from the steppes in central Asia they were organized people into clans with leaders and spread language and agricultural techniques 1000 BCE Persia 2 7/160 Lydia
Lydia prosperous kingdom in southwestern Anatolia the taking over of Lydia was a turning point for the development of the Persian Empire 6th century BCE Persia 2 7/159 Lydia
Macedonia modern-day region of the Greek peninsula Alexander of Macedon (Alexander the Great) came from here with his troops to take over Persia 808-168 BCE Persia 2 7/166 Lydia
Anatolia modern-day Turkey Lydia which was very wealthy and successful was located in Anatolia I dont know when this existed Persia 2 7/160 Lydia
Ionia region off the coast of Anatolia; closest to Izmir became part of Persia and was a connection with other Greek islands 7th - 6th centuries BCE Persia 2 7 Lydia
Ctesiphon imperial capital of the Persian Empire was at one point the largest city in the world 1st century BCE Persia 2 7 Lydia
Persepolis capital of the Persian Empire Darius intended for this city to be a monument and an imperial center 520 BCE Persia 2 7/162 Lydia
Pasargadae Persepolis was located close to this area 500 BCE Persia 2 7/162 Lydia
Seleucus chief of Alexander's army who took over after Alex died began the Seleucid Empire and adopted much of the Achaemenid traditions 305-281 BCE Persia 2 7/166 Lydia
Marathon region in Greece Battle of Marathon took place here 490 BCE Persia 2 7 Lydia
Guagamela region near Mosul; Iraq one of Alexander's wars were here 331 BCE Persia 2 7 Lydia
Parthia southeast of the Caspian Sea Parthian Empire of Persia 247 BCE - 224 CE Persia 2 7/167 Lydia
Bactria region on the Indus River to the Arabian Sea Parthian Empire of Persia 247 BCE - 224 CE Persia 2 7/168 Lydia
Gandhara region in modern Pakistan was under Persian control during the Achaemenid Empire 326 BCE Persia 2 7 Lydia
Persian Wars a series of wars between the Achaemenid empire and Ionian Greeks; who received help from mainland Greece the conflict between the two powers caused the weakening of many cities and disturbed trade and commerce 500-479 BCE Anatolia; Ionia; Athens 2 10/239-240 Canfer
Peloponnesian War bitter civil war between Athens and Sparta and the poleis supporting them caused the weakening of the poleis; which lead to the power of Macedon 431-404 BCE Greece 2 10/240 Canfer
Marathon city in Attica; Greece where the Battle of Marathon was held; in which heavily outnumbered athenians defeated the persians 490 BCE Marathon 2 10/ Canfer
Salamis city very close to Athens where the Greeks defeated Persian navy in second attack 480 BCE Salamis 2 10/240 Canfer
Antigonid Empire one of the three Hellenistic empires; covers Macedon and much of the Greek peninsula trade flourished in Greek city states during this time and some conflicts arose 306-168 BCE Modern-day Greece; Macedonia 2 10/244 Canfer
Ptolemaic Empire Hellenistic empire in Egypt; covering the North portion of the NIle Valley grew rich because of their monopolies on industries and monitored crop growth and taxes without interfering with culture 305-30 BCE Egypt 2 10/244 Canfer
Seleucid Empire Hellenistic empire taking up space similar to Achaemenid empire - much of Bactria; Mesopotamia; west of Anatolia caused the migration of Greeks to these zones; improved trade; and created urbanized western society here 312-63 BCE Mesopotamia; Bactria; Anatolia 2 10/245 Canfer
Epicureans a philosophy created by Epicurus that thought internate tranquility was the greatest good helped individuals cope with stresses of Hellenistic empire founded in 307 BCE Greece 2 10/254 Canfer
Skeptics philosophy that didn't take positions in moral; political; and social issues because they didn't think certain knowledge existed allowed people stop worrying about fights and helped them seek peace 360 BCE-ish (Pyrrho) Greece 2 10/254 Canfer
Stoics philosophy that taught ppl to help others and that that was how you escaped pressures created a strong moral fiber within Greek society 3rd century BCE Greece 2 10/254 Canfer
Demeter the goddess of grain in Greek mythology allowed women to take part in activity; as they were not allowed to take part in politics; etc N/E Greece 2 10/253 Canfer
Dionysus the god of wine created great sense of communitya nd inspired Greece's culture of tragic/comedic drama N/E Greece 2 10/253-254 Canfer
Zeus grandson of the Earth and Sky gods; main god was most important god; people were scared of his temper; and also managed other gods N/E Greece 2 10/253 Canfer
Apollo promoted wisdom and justice sparked philosophical thought N/E Greece 2 10/253 Canfer
Socrates an Athenian man who wished to understand human affairs """creator"" of philosophical thought in Greece; inspired thoughts that honest living was better than other kinds of living" 470-399 BCE Athens; Greece 2 10/250 Canfer
Plato disciple of Socrates that used some of his beliefs to create his own created Forms or Ideas; which said our world was an imperfect copy of another one 430-347 BCE Athens; Greece 2 10//250-252 Canfer
Aristotle disciple of Plato that believed he could uncover the world by using his senses revised logical appeals to philosophy; such as syllogism; made people believe it more 384-322 BCE Macedonia; then Greece 2 10/252 Canfer
Philip of Macedon king of Macedon that conquered much further than Greece used strong army and took advantage of Pelopennesian wars to take over Greece 359-336 BCE Macedon 2 10/241 Canfer
Alexander of Macedon son of Philip of Macedon; his successor expanded his empire to Ionia; Anatolia;Syria; Egypt; Mesopotamia; Persia; and India Macedon 2 10/241-242 Canfer
Solon aristocrat that mediated between poor and rich forged compromise - aristocrats could keep lands; but debts cancelled and debt slavery outlawed; representation for coomon people 638-558 BCE Greece 2 10/237 Canfer
Pericles statesman of Athens with huge influence under his rule; Athens became sophisticated poleis flourishing w/ communities; because of him opening up job opportunities 2 10/237 Canfer
Seleucus creator of the Seleucid empire set up an empire that brought Greek culture and trade all the way to Bactria 358-281 BCE Macedonia; Seleucid Empire 2 10/246 Canfer
Sappho female poet that composed 9 volumes of prose reflected Greek thought and positions of women in society 600 BCE Greece 2 10/248 Canfer
Arrian served in armies and composed texts of military history his works on Alexander tell us a lot about him nowadays 150 CE Greece 2 10/243 Canfer
Antigonus former satrap; established Antigonid empire his empire's trade flourished under his rule; and also caused migrations to Seleucid reign = 306-301 BCE Greece/Macedon 2 10/245 Canfer
Ptolemy creator of the Ptolemaic empire his empire became the wealthiest due to crops; monopolies; and tax; and Alexandria became buzzing trade hub reign = 305-283 BCE Egypt 2 10/244 Canfer
Aeschylus first of three tragedy-play writers explored possibilities and limitations to human action and inspired philosophical thought/worship 525-456 BCE Greece 2 10/254 Canfer
Sophocles one of the most prominent three tragedy-play writers in Athens affected drama development (ie: addition of third actor) and worked with audience interpretation Greece 2 10/255 Canfer
Euripides another one of the tragedy-play writers included women and themes of mythology in his plays 484-406 BCE Greece 2 10/256 Canfer
Aristophanes a comic dramatist in Athens dealt with issues of humanity and behaviour; made fun of political ppl; which could influence public 446-486 BCE Greece 2 10/257 Canfer
Plebeians Commoners By threatening to leave; they were eventually represented politically by tribunes Around 500 BCE Rome 2 11/262 Grace G
Patricians Heriditary aristocrats and wealthy classes Dominated politics by comprising the majority of the Senate Around 500 BCE Rome 2 11/262 Grace G
Pax Romana Long peroid of peace throughout the Roman empire under Augustus's rule Facilitated trade; communication; and political integration Beginning around 200 BCE Rome 2 11/268 Grace G
Consul One of two leaders elected by mostly patricians to control military and civil power for a one-year term Use of consuls was a major step towards democracy; limited the number of rebellions Beginning in 509 BCE Rome 2 11/262 Grace G
Tribune Representatives of the plebians who could intervene and veto unfair actions Slowly led to greater political participation and representation of all classes Beginning in 500 BCE Rome 2 11/262 Grace G
Latifundia Large plantations whose crops (often grains) were destined for export; produced surpluses These surpluses promted trade and specialized crops for certain regions Beginning in 500 BCE Rome 2 11/272 Grace G
Punic Wars Three conflicts against Carthage; Rome eventually won; burning Carthage Increased Rome's wealth; fueling further expansion 264-146 BCE Rome 2 11/264 Grace G
Stoicism Greek philosophy involving a universal moral code; Cicero adapted this to Roman life This philosophy among the wealthy streesed universal codes above local codes 100 BCE Rome 2 11/277 Grace G
Judaism Jewish descendants David and Solomon who worshipped their own true God Yahweh Jews refused to participate in state cults and sometimes pay taxes; this led to rebellions 300 BCE-100 CE Rome 2 11/280 Grace G
Essenes New sect of Jews in Palestine looking for freedom from Roman rule Created a strong community where they could worship freely 100 BCE Rome/Palestine 2 11/280 Grace G
Mithraism Worshipped Mithras (originally Zoroastrian but became god of military values in Rome); it was popular in males who valued purposeful moral behavior Developed sense of community Early centuries CE Rome 2 11/278 Grace G
Christianity Followers of Jesus; believing He is the savior ; became official religion of the Roman empire Unified Rome and gave an ethical code to live by Beginning in 1st century CE Rome 2 11/280 Grace G
Etruscans Dominated Italy; traded actively; specialized in metallurgy and a large fleet Influenced Rome's monocratic government; construction; and trade opportunities Between 800-400 BCE Rome/Mediterranean 2 11/261 Grace G
Carthaginians People from the wealthy trade city and port of Carthage in northern Africa Their dominance made them a threat to Rome 400-200 BCE High point Rome/Carthage 2 11/264 Grace G
Term Definition Importance Period/Date Region/Area Unit Chapter/Pages Creator/Editor
Chandragupta Maurya an adventurer who created the basis to the Mauryan Empire 320s BCE India 2 9/208-209 Lydia
Kautayla Chandragupta's advisor Chandragupta and Kautayla together built a bureaucratic administrative system 4th century BCE India 2 9/209 Lydia
Ashoka Chandragupta's grandson during Ashoka's reign was the highest point in the Mauryan empire 268-232 BCE India 2 9/210 Lydia
Chandra Gupta created a powerful kingdom by forging alliances with powerful Ganges people this was the foundation for a new empire 320 CE India 2 9/212 Lydia
Samudra Gupta one of Chandra Gupta's successors made Magadhan capital of Pataliputra the center of the empire again 335-375 CE India 2 9/212 Lydia
Created by: BISAPW