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chapter 5

cardiovascular system

angio Blood and lymph vessel
arterio artery
athero atheroma
brady slow
cardio heart
crasia condition of
emia blood condition
erythro red
hemo/ hemato blood
leuko white
phlebo vein
tachy rapid
thrombo blood clot
veno vein
anemia reduction below normal of the number of erythrocytes, quantity of hemoglobin, or the volume of packed red cells in the blood
aneurysm a sac formed by localized dilatation of the wall of an artery, a vein, or the heart
angina pain,discomfort, or pressure localized in the chest that is caused by an insufficient supply of blood to the heart muscle
angioplasty term describing a procedure used to widen vessels narrowed by stenoses or occlusions
anticoagulant acting to suppress, delay, or nullify blood coagulation
aplastic anemia Aplastic anemia is a disorder in which the bone marrow greatly decreases or stops production of blood cells
atherosclerosis he build up of a waxy plaque on the inside of blood vessel
automated external difibrilator a portable apparatus used to restart a heart that has stopped
bradycardia slowness of the heartbeat
cardiac arrest A sudden cessation of cardiac function, resulting in loss of effective circulation
cardiomyopathy Cardiomyopathy is a chronic disease of the heart muscle in which the muscle is abnormally enlarged, thickened, and/or stiffened
cholesterol a eukaryotic sterol that in higher animals is the precursor of bile acids and steroid hormones and a key constituent of cell membranes
coronary thrombosis Obstruction of a coronary artery by a thrombus, often leading to destruction of heart muscle
diuretic pertaining to or causing diuresis
electrocardiogram graphic tracing of the variations in electrical potential caused by the excitation of the heart muscle and detected at the body surface
embolism An embolism is an obstruction in a blood vessel due to a blood clot or other foreign matter that gets stuck while traveling through the bloodstream
endocarditis the inner lining of the heart muscle, which also covers the heart valves
erythrocytes red blood cells
hemoglobin the oxygen-carrying pigment of erythrocytes, formed by developing erythrocytes in the bone marrow
hemostasis interruption of blood flow through any vessel or to any anatomical area.
ischemic heart disease any of a group of acute or chronic cardiac disabilities resulting from insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to the heart
leukemia a progressive, malignant disease of the blood-forming organs, marked by distorted proliferation and development of leukocytes and their precursors in the blood and bone marrow
leukocytes white blood cells
myocardial infarction Occlusion of one or more coronary arteries caused by plaque buildup
orthostatic hypotension Low blood pressure that occurs upon standing up
pericardium Double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart
phlebitis Inflammation of a superficial vein
raynauds phenomenon Peripheral arterial occlusive disease in which intermittent attacks are triggered by cold or stress
sickle cell anemia Genetic disorder that causes abnormal hemoglobin, resulting in some blood cells assuming a sickle shape
tachycardia Abnormally rapid heart rate, less than 60 beats per minute
thrombosis Abnormal condition of having thrombus (blood clot attached to the interior wall of an artery or vein)
transfusion reaction Serious, potentially fatal, complication of a blood transfusion in which a severe immune response occurs because the patient’s blood and the donated blood do not match
varicose veins Abnormally swollen veins, usually occurring in the superficial veins of the legs
ventricular fibrillation Rapid, irregular, and useless contractions of the ventricles Instead of pumping strongly, the heart muscle quivers ineffectively.
Created by: wood33971