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LCHS_Respiratory Sysem_Diag/Pathologies_Ch12

Diagnostic & Pathological TermDefinition
AUSCULATION listening to sounds within the body
PERCUSSION tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlysing structure.
PLEURAL RUB scratchy sound produced by the motion of inflamed or irritated pleural surfaces rubing against each other.
RALES abnormal crackling sounds heard during inspiration when there is fluid, blood, or pus in the alveoli
SPUTUM material expelled from the chest cavity by coughing or clearing of the throat.
WHEEZES continuous high pitched whistling sounds heard when air is forced through a narrow space during inspiration or expiration.
CROUP acute viral infection in infants and childern characterized by a barking cough.
DIPTHERIA acute infection of the throat and upper repiratory tract caused by the bacteria (Corynebacterium)
PERTUSSIS bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea that is highly contagious. (Whooping cough)
ASTHMA chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by airway obstruction caused by edema, bronchoconstriction, and increased mucus production.
CYSTIC FIBROSIS Inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick mucous secretions that do not drain normally.
EMPHYSEMA hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar wall.
PNEUMONIA acute inflammation and infection of alveoli which fill with pus or products of the inflammatory response.
PULMONARY ABSCESS a large collection of pus (bacterial infection) in the lungs.
PULMONARY EMBOLISM clot (thrombus) or other material lodges in vessels of the lung.
PULMONARY FIBROSIS formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs.
TUBERCULOSIS Infectious disease caused by Myobacterium tuberculosis; lungs are usually involved but any organ may be affected.
PLEURISY Inflammation fo the pleura
PNEUMOTHORAX colleciton of air in the pleural space.
PULMONARY EDEMA swelling and fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles.
Created by: gtemple