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Mrs. Campbell WH1.3

Egypt/Nubia Vocabulary

Abraham father of Judaism
Ahmose pharaoh during the New Kingdom who removed the Hyksos from the region
Akhenaten/Amenhotep IV pharaoh who attempted to turn Egypt monotheistic by worshipping only Aten; changed name to Akhenaten to reflect his beliefs
Book of the Dead collection of prayers and spells said to be helpful in the afterlife
Dynasty a series of rulers from the same family/lineage
Empire form of government that unites different territories and peoples under one ruler
Exodus enslaved Hebrews were led out of Egypt by Moses
Hatshepsut challenged Egyptian way of life by becoming the first female sole pharaoh; throne was taken by step son who is rumored to have killed her
Hieroglyphics an Egyptian system of writing that used pictures to represent sounds and ideas
Hyksos invading group known for their use of chariots; conquered Lower Egypt, but were defeated by Ahmose
Middle Kingdom 2050BC-1800BC; a time of stability in Egypt; built irrigation projects and canals; capital was moved to Thebes
Monarchy government headed by a king or queen
Monotheism belief in one god
Moses man who led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt; received the Ten Commandments
Namer/Menes king who united Upper and Lower Egypt; created the double crown
Nefertiti wife of Akhenaten who supported his monotheistic beliefs
Old Kingdom period in ancient Egyptian history characterized by the building of the Great Pyramids at Giza; first kingdom after unification between Upper and Lower Egypt
Pharaoh an Egyptian god king who was thought to be as powerful and splendid as the heavens
Polytheism belief in more than one god
pyramid immense, triangular structures that served as resting places for Egyptian kings (pharaohs) after death
Ramses II historically accepted as the greatest pharaoh of Egypt; created massive building projects; created the first ever recorded peace treaty with the Hitites; believed to be the pharaoh during the Exodus
Solomon Old Testament son of David and king of Israel noted for his wisdom (10th century BC) and building of the Great Temple
Thebes capital of Egypt during the Middle Kingdom
Theocracy a government in which rule is based on religious authority
Thutmose III stepson of Hatshepsut; considered the greatest Pharaoh of the New Kingdom; expanded empire to include Syria and Nubia
Created by: Saunders7