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QuestionAnswer
Christopher Columbus Set sail in 1492 looking for a western trade route to the East Indies landed on shores of America. He claimed the island for Spain and named it San Salvador.
Colony Lands that are controlled by another nation
Hernando Corte's 1519 landed on shores of Mexico, colonized lands in Mexico, marched inland in search of Aztec gold
Conquistador Spanish explorers that followed Corte's
Francisco Pizarro another conquistador who conquered the Incan Empire in South America
Mestizo children of a Spanish and Native American married couple
Encomienda Grant of land made by Spain to settlers in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it
New France Known as Quebec today, the base of France's colonial expansion in North America
Jamestown First English settlement in North America, named after their king
Pilgrims Second English settlement at Plymouth, Massachusetts in North America,had come to new world for religious freedom
Puritans Third English settlement established near Massachusetts Bay in North America,came for religious fredom
New Netherlands Name for Dutch holdings in North America along Hudson River, Hudson Bay, and Hudson Straits
French and Indian War Cause; dispute over land in Ohio Valley between the French and English, also known as 7 year war, British won
Metacom Native American ruler of Pohatan tribe, attacked many English villages in Massachusetts
Atlantic Slave Trade Buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americas
Triangular Trade Manufactured goods were taken from England to Africa,then exchanged for African slaves. The second stage, or middle passage, was shipping the slaves to America. From America the third stage meant taking goods created in the slave states back to England.
Middle Passage Voyage that brought captured Africa and to the West Indies and later to North and South America
Columbian Exchange Global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas
Capitalism Economic system based on private ownership and the investment of resources, such as money, for profit
Joint-stock Company Investors buying stock in a company, many people combined their wealth for a common purpose and share the interest
Mercantilism Policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
Favorable balance of trade Country sells more goods abroad than it buys from abroad
Most important items to travel from the Americas to the world corn, potatoes
Livestock introduced to the Americas by Europeans Horses, cattle, pigs, sheep
What lead to the death of millions of Native Americans? Diseases Europeans brought with them to the Americas, small pox, measles,influenza, typhus, malaria, diphtheria
Inflation Steady rise in the price of goods
Created by: sudokken