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APHG Unit 1 Vocab

Cartography The science of making maps.
Place A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular character
Region An area of Earth distinguished by a distinctive combination of cultural and physical features
Scale Generally the relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole; specifically, the relationship between a size of an object on a map and the size of an actual feature on Earth's surface
Space The physical gap or interval between two objects
Projection The system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map
Township A square normally 6 miles on the side. The land ordinance of 1785 divided much of the United States into a series of type townships
GPS A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers
Remote Sensing The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods
GIS A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data
Location The position of anything on Earth's surface
Toponym The name given to a portion of Earth's surface
Site The physical character of a place
Situation The location of a place relative to other places
Longitude The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the prime meridian (0°)
Latitude The numbering system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe and measuring distance north and south of the equator (0°)
Cultural Landscape The fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group
Formal Region (or uniform or homogeneous region) An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Functional Region (or no nodal region) An area organized around a node or focal point
Perceptual (vernacular) Region Region that only exists as a conceptualization or idea not as a physically demarcated entity
Culture The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people
Created by: seaairah