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Conquest Definitions

Tenochtitlan the ancient Aztec Capital, now present day Mexico City
Encomienda's The right of Spanish colonists to demand labor or tribute from the natives
Peons Workers forced to labor for a landlord to pay off a debt
Conquistadors Spanish Conquerors
Plantations Large farming estates
Aztecs Large Indian empire once in present day Mexico
Tianos Natives in the West Indies that Columbus made first contact with
Audiencias A lesser Spanish official who helped the Viceroy rule in Spanish provinces
Creoles American born descendants of Spanish Descent
Mestizos People of mixed Native American and Spanish Descent
New Spain Most important of the five Spanish provinces in the Americas, present day Mexico
New Laws of the Indies Ended enslavement of Native Americans in Spanish America
Peninsular Spanish settlers who were born in Spain
Incas Large Indian empire once in present day Peru
Viceroys Representatives who ruled each Spanish province in Spanish America
Hispaniola Present day Dominican Republic, Haiti, Cuba, and Puerto Rico
Council of the Indies Group appointed by Spanish kin to pass laws for Spanish Provinces in America
Mulattos people of Africa and European Descent
Malinche Indian woman who served as Cortes' interpreter
Hernan Cortes Spanish conquistador who conquered the great Aztec empire in Mexico
Atahualpa Great Incan Emperor who was conquered by the Spanish
Quetzalcoatl The great God - King of the Aztecs who was to return from the east.
Francisco Pizzaro Spanish Conquistador who conquered the great Incan empire in Peru
Montezuma Great Aztec emperor who was conquered by the Spanish
Bartholomew de las Casas Catholic Priest who spoke out against treatment of natives in Spanish America
Created by: jsuber