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Unit 3 Review

SSWH 3, 4 Classical Empires - Greek, Roman

QuestionAnswer
What kind of government was Greece forced to use based on the geography of their land? city-states
What kind of government did the Romans use in their empire? autocracy
What was the Pax Romana? 200 years of Roman peace
What were Aristotle's views on government? 1 ruler limited by law should lead with the council of the middle class
What reforms did Augustus make when he became Caesar? established a civil service system, a postal system, one standard coin, and a census for tax purposes
What is the main principle of law that the US got from the Romans? innocent until proven guilty
For which achievements are the Romans known ? Engineering, Law, Latin language, Architecture
Which cultures did Alexander the Great blend together in his Hellenistic empire? Persian, Indian, Greek, Egyptian
Why did the Roman rulers give the Christians such a hard time? Christian refusal to worship the emperor was seen as opposition and rebellion.
Why was Christianity such a popular religion during Roman times? Embraced all people; promised eternal life; common Latin language,extensive secure roads and peace within empire helped it ; personal relationship with god,
How were the Greeks and Romans alike in respect to their religion? both polytheistic with similar myths about gods with human characteristics who controlled natural forces, both had one god superior to the others, both had cities and temples dedicated to particular gods/goddesses.
Why did Germanic tribes invade the Roman Empire? They were fleeing the Huns and being driven westward.
Why did Diocletian divide the Roman Empire? He believed it had grown to large and complex for one ruler and thought a co-ruler would make it easier to control.
What factors caused the Roman Empire to fall? INTERNAL PROBLEMS such as growing gap between rich and poor, lack of public interest in the government, no more wealth coming in from new conquests, high taxes, high inflation, decline in military discipline; OUTSIDE INVASIONS; SPLITTING THE EMPIRE
How did geography positively influence Greek city-states? kept intruders away, allowed for trade, enabled city-states to be independent
How did geography negatively influence Greek city-states? blocked expansion, required using resources for ships, made management of city-states difficult
Onto which continents did the Roman empire expand? Europe, Africa, and Asia
What was the lasting impact of Alexander the Great's empire? It spread Greek culture as it blended into Hellenistic civilization.
Who were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle? All were Greek philosophers
What do Euclid, Pythagoras, and Archimedes have in common? All were Hellenistic mathematicians.
What were lasting contributions of the Greeks? columns, Olympics, democracy
What were common practices in Athenian democracy? adult male citizens born in Athens were members of the Assembly who directly voted on policy that was proposed by a council
What was the usual attitude of Romans toward the religious practices of the people they conquered? Romans were tolerant of religious differences and allowed people to keep their practices as long as they worshiped the Roman emperor also.
Created by: rblakecchs