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PMI Ch 3

PMI Infection Control, Safety, First Aid & Personal Wellness

QuestionAnswer
Means of transmission (6) Airborne Contact Droplet Vector Vehicle
Airborne transmission Transmission of disease by dispersal of aerosols/droplet nuclei that remain in air for long periods of time and can be inhaled by susceptible individuals.
Contact transmission (direct) Physical transfer of an infectious agent to a susceptible host by close contact - kissing or touching
Contact transmission (indirect) Can occur when susceptible host touches contaminated objects - bed linens, clothing, dressings, utensils
Droplet transmission Transfer of infectious agent to mucous membranes of mouth, nose, or eyes of a susceptible individual via infectious droplets from coughing, sneezing, talking, or procedures involving suctioning or throat swabs
Vector transmission Transfer of infectious agent by an insect, arthropod, animal
Vehicle transmission Transfer of infectious agent through contaminated food, water, or drugs
6 Types of isolation (SCARED) Strict Contact AFB Respiratory Enteric Drainage/secretion
A series of components or events that lead to an infection Chain of infection
Anything harmful or potentially harmful to health Biohazard
Chemistry of fire representation Fire tetrahedron
Devices that isolate or remove a workplace BBP Engineering controls
Contains general, precautionary, and emergency information for a hazardous product MSDS (material safety data sheets)
Federal agency charged with the investigation and control of certain diseases CDC (Centers for Disease Control & Prevention)
Federal agency that regulates the disposal of hazardous waste EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)
Federal organization that advises the CDC on nosocomial infection prevention guidelines HICPAC (Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee)
Hepatitis B virus HBV
Hepatitis C virus HCV
Inanimate objects that can harbor material containing infectious agents Fomites
Infection associated with healthcare facility HAI (Healthcare-associated infection)
OSHA standard requiring employers to maintain documentation on hazardous chemicals HazCom (Hazard Communication Standard)
Pathogen responsible for causing an infection Infectious agent
Procedures that separate pt with certain transmissible infections from others Isolation procedures
Protected from or resistant to a particular disease or infection Immune
Short for microorganism Microbe
Term applied to infectious microorganisms in blood and other body fluids BBP (Blood-borne pathogen)
Virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
Any route other than the digestive tract Parenteral
Capable of causing a disease Pathogenic
Federal agency that recommends ways to prevent work-related injury NIOSH (National Institute of Occupational Safety & Health)
Federal agency that mandates and enforces safe working conditions for employees OSHA (Occupational Safety & Health Administration)
Having an abnormally low neutrophil count Neutropenic
Individual who has little resistance to an infectious agent Susceptible host
Microorganisms capable of causing disease Pathogens
Practices that alter how tasks are performed to reduce the likelihood of BBP exposure Work practice controls
Precautions that reduce the risk of airborne, droplet, or contact transmission Transmission-based precautions
Protects a pt who is highly susceptible to infection Reverse isolation
Protective items worn by an individual PPE (Personal protective equipment)
Source of an infectious microorganism Reservoir
Through mucous membranes Permucosal
Through the skin Percutaneous
Collecting a throat culture specimen from a coughing pt without wearing a mask Droplet
Entering a TB pt room without an N95 respirator Airborne
Filling a TB test syringe with antigen without first cleaning the top of the antigen vial Vehicle
Handling a dead rodent Vector
Kissing someone with mononucleosis Direct contact
Rubbing your eye after touching a contaminated blood tube Indirect contact
Standard precautions are to be used: When caring for all patients
Best defense against HBV infection: HBV vaccination
In the NFPA 704 marketing system, the health hazards are indicated in: Blue quadrant on left
In the NFPA 704 marketing system, the flammability hazards are indicated in: Red quadrant on top
In the NFPA 704 marketing system, the reactivity hazards are indicated in: Yellow quadrant on right
Chain of infection (6 links) Infectious agent - Reservoir - Exit pathway - Means of transmission - Entry pathway - Susceptible host
A susceptible host can also become the: Reservoir
Nosocomial and HAI refer to infections: Contacted by patients
The order used to put on PPE: Gown, mask, gloves
The order used to take off PPE: Gloves, mask, gown
Current routine infection control policy developed by CDC and followed in all health-care settings is: Standard precautions
Recommended disinfectant for blood and body fluid contamination is: Sodium hypochlorite (bleach)
Most common fire extinguisher: Class ABC
RACE acronym is & when should it be used Rescue Alarm Confine Extinguish and when a fire is first discovered
PASS acronym is & should be followed when: Pull pin Aim nozzle Squeeze trigger Sweep nozzle and when operating a fire extinguisher
Phlebotomist are most concerned with ____ & _____ law Civil and criminal
Things to NEVER do in a lab: Eat, drink, smoke, or chew gum. Put pencils/pens in mouth. Put anything in lab fridge. Apply cosmetics rub eyes handle contact lenses. Wear long/dangling jewelry. Wear lab coat to lunch break home. Wear PPE outside of designated area. Bite nails/cuticles.
Things to ALWAYS do in lab: Wear fully buttoned lab coat. Tie back hair that is longer than shoulder length. Keep finger nails short and manicured(no polish). Wear face shield when performing specimen processing that may generate a splash or aerosol of bodily fluids. Wear gloves/PPE
Created by: rainie529