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Wiltja Ab. Studies

Ancient Cultures & Archaeology

TermDefinition
different Not the same as another or each other.
society A group of people who live, communicate, work, worship and play together, sharing common values.
religions The belief in a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods.
beliefs Certain ideas that people trust are true.
ancient Very old and from long ago.
cultures People's way of life. The way groups of people share a common spoken language, writing, religion, music, clothes, cooking, etc.
difficult Something that is hard; Not easy.
archaeology The science of studying material remains of past human life and activities.
archaeologists Specialists who learn about the peoples of the past by studing fossils and artifacts. People with special training who collect evidence on how ancient people lived in the past ages.
excavating To unearth or dig buried objects very carefully to discover information from the past.
fossilised The remains of animals or plants that have become hard and have turned into rock.
skeletons The framework of bones inside of bodies.
implements Tools or instruments used for doing work such as digging sticks, spears, boomerangs, grinding stones, etc.
reconstruction To put something back together carefully to understand its purpose.
approximately Almost but not exactly. A close estimate.
million A very large number that is represented as a one followed by 6 zeros (1,000,000,000). 1000 of 1000.
Mesopotamia The first civilisation located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in present day Iraq. The term means "land between the rivers".
Australia The "land down under". The world's largest island.
evidence Information collected during a scientific investigation. Proof of existence.
sedentary Staying or settled in one place. Not moving all the time for resources, food or shelter.
nomadic Groups of people tending to travel and change settlements frequently. Groups of people who followed the change of seasons for food and resources, e.g. hunter-gatherer societies.
domesticated Animals brought under human control; Tamed.
Europe The continent north of Africa. Contains countries such as France, Italy, Greece, Germany and Spain.
Asia The continent joined to Europe. Contains countries such as China, India and Cambodia.
hunter-gatherers Early people who lived by hunting animals and gathering plants for food.
Tigris Ancient Mesopotamia was founded between the ______ and the Euphrates rivers.
Euphrates Ancient Mesopotamia was founded between the Tigris and the _________ rivers.
Syria An Asian republic in the Middle East at the east end of the Mediterranean Sea.
Iraq A country in western Asia that borders Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
Coorong An estuary (a narrow body of water) that stretches more than 100km and that is separated from the Southern Ocean by a narrow sand dune peninsula. It marks the termination of Australia's longest river, the Murray.
Ngarrindjeri The Aboriginal people of the lower River Murray, lakes and Coorong area. Made up of 18 clans.
people More than one person.
shell A hard, outer protection of something, i.e. a crab, cockles, etc.
midden A mound of domestic refuse containing shells and animal bones marking the site of a prehistoric settlement.
mound A heap or rounded pile.
deposits The act of putting something somewhere.
shoreline A boundary line between land and water.
occupation To occupy. To use or live in a certain place.
Created by: Mr_M_Morrison