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Chapter 2 Pullin

The Fertile Crescent

Importance of Sumer Located in the Fertile Crescent; first known schools were set up here.
The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers of Life and Death
The Fertile Crescent A region in southwest Asia that was the site of the world's first civilization
Sumerian Cities had their own God, King, and Government
Ziggurat Early Sumerian temples for the gods; stair-stepped design
Monotheism Belief in one god or goddess
Polytheism Belief in more than one god or goddess
Downfall of Sumer Wealth
Hammurabi Creator of the Babylonian Empire; Hammurabi's Code
Assyrian Weapons Bow and Arrows, Battering Ram, Slings, Charioteers
Hammurabi's Code First set of laws to be written down; did not apply equally to everyone
Phoenicia Snails and cedar wood; located in present day Jerusalem
Phoenician Alphabet Much easier to learn than cunieform
Cunieform Wedges and lines combined to make symobls
Abraham Leader of the Israelites; Made a covenant with God
Israelite History Abraham settles with the Israelites in Canaan; A famine hits Canaan; The Israelites flee to Egypt; The Pharaoh forces the Israelites into slavery; Moses leads them out of Egypt; They wander for 40 years in the desert; They resettle in Canaan.
The Tanakh The Jewish Bible (Old Testament)
Prophets Regarding as speaking for God
Judaism vs Sumerian religion Judaism is monotheistic and Sumerian religion was polytheistic
Judaism influenced Christianity and Islam
Created by: loganpullin