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Chapter 2

human body

adenocarcinoma a malignant tumor formed from glandular structures in epithelial tissue
adenoma a benign tumor formed from glandular structures in epithelial tissue
adenomalacia abnormal softening of a gland
adenosclerosis hardening of a gland
anaplasia change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other
aplasia lack of development of an organ or tissue
caudal Of, at, or near the tail or hind parts; posterior
chromosomes structures located within the nucleus of each cell. Chromosomes contain the genetic information necessary to direct the development and functioning of all cells and systems in the body
communicable disease a disease transmitted from one person or animal to another directly or by vectors
congenital disorder a condition existing at birth and often before birth, or that develops during the first month of life
endocrine glands glands that have no ducts, their secretions being absorbed directly into the blood
exocrine glands one whose secretion is discharged through a duct opening on an internal or external surface of the body
functional disorder disorder showing symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified
geriatrician A physician who specializes in the care of older people
hypogastric region The lowest of the three median regions of the abdomen
hypoplasia incomplete development or underdevelopment of an organ or tissue
iatrogenic illness Any complication related to diagnosis and treatment of disease, regardless of whether the condition occurs as a known risk of a procedure or through errors of omission or commission
medial situated toward the median plane or midline of the body or a structure
mesentery the peritoneal fold attaching the small intestine to the posterior body wall
nonsocomial infection An infection that can be acquired in a hospital
pandemic a widespread epidemic of a disease
pelvic cavity the space within the walls of the pelvis
peritoneum the serous membrane lining the walls of the abdominal and pelvic cavities
peritonitis inflammation of the membrane which lines the inside of the abdomen and all of the internal organs
phenylketonuria rare metabolic disorder caused by a deficiency in the production of the liver
retroperitoneal Situated behind the peritoneum
stem cells Parent cells from which other cells are made
umbilicus the navel; the scar marking the site of attachment of the umbilical cord in the fetus
vector-borne transmission indirect transmission of an infectious agent that occurs when a vector bites or touches a person
ventral directed toward or situated on the belly surface; opposite of dorsal
abdominal cavity cavity within the abdomen
adenectomy excision of a gland
anatomy science of the structure of the body
anomaly deviation from what is regarded as normal
anterior front of
bloodborne disease disease transmitted through blood contact
cephalic relating to the head
cytoplasm substance of the protoplasm of a cell
distal situated away from the center of the body
dorsal near the back surface of the body
dysplasia abnormal tissue development
endemic disease occurance in a population
epidemic outbreak of disease in an area
epigastric region below the stomach
etiology study of the causes of disease
genetic disorder pathological disorder caused by an absent disease
hemophilia inherited blood disease characterized by a tendency to hemorrhages
histology the science concerned with the structure of cells, organs, and tissues in relation with their function
homeostasis process in which bodily equalibrium is maintained
hyperplasia increase in the number of cells
hypertrophy increase in bulk of organ
idiopathic disorder disease arising from unknown cause
infectious disease disease resulting from the presence of a microbial agent
inguinal relating to the groin
midsagittal plane a plane dividing the body into right and left halves
physiology study of all functions of a living organism or any of its parts
posterior relating to the end of the body
proximal nearer to the midline
thoracic cavity the cavity in the vertebrae body enclosed by the ribs
transverse plane a plane across the body that divides the body into inferior and superior parts
Created by: wood33971