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World History: Unit1

Sydney Huynh

TermDefinition
Citadel A stronghold into which people could go for shelter during a battle
Monotheism Belief in a single God
Theocracy The belief in government by divine guidance
Narmer King of Upper Egypt, conquered lower Egypt and made it united
Neolithic Revolution A change that began in the Middle East that occurred about 10,000 years ago where people moved from hunting and gathering tribes to the beginning of civilization
Irrigation Ditches Channels created to re-route water from one source to farmland
Ur An important Sumerian city-state
Polytheism Belief in multiple Gods
City-States A self governing city that also governs nearby villages
Rosetta Stone Large stone that has hieroglyphics, a second Egyptian language, and Greek written on it that allowed people to translate hieroglyphics
Bartering Exchange goods without involving money
The Fertile Crescent Land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers containing dark, rich soil
Slash and Burn A method of cultivating crops, by cutting down old crops and burning the remains
Sumer The site of the earliest known civilization; located in Mesopotamia, in present-day southern Iraq; later became Babylonia
Nomads A member of a people who have no permanent home but move about according to the seasons
Agriculture Farming
Hammurabi's Code The first known written set of laws for a civilization
Bronze Age The period (3000 B.C. to 1200 B.C.) in which people discovered how to combine metals to make alloys
Domestication Adaptation to intimate association with human beings
Sargon of Fakkad King of Akkadian and possibly Assyria believed to responsible for conquering Sumer and creating the first empire
Papyrus Paper made of a tall reedy plant that grows in the Nile River
Hieroglyphics A writing system using picture symbols; used in ancient Egypt
Amorites Nomadic Warriors that settled and established Babylon
Ziggurat A rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians
Silt Mud or clay or small rocks deposited by a river or lake
Created by: 05sydhuy