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Medical Terminology

Word roots

TermDefinition
ABDOMINO- Abdomen
ACETABULO- Acetabulum (part of the hip)
ACTINO- Ray/sun
ADENO- Gland (any)
ADIPO- Fat
ADRENO- Adrenal gland
ALBUMEN/ALBUMIN- Albumin
ALVEOLO- Air sac
AMYLO- Starch
ANO- Anus
ANDRO- Man
ANGLO- Vessel
ANTRO- Antrum
AORTO- Aorta
APPENDICO- Appendix
AQUA- Water
ARTERIO- Artery
ATHERO- Plaque lining blood vessels/porridge
ARTHERO- Joint
ATRIO- Atrium (upper chamber of heart)
AURI- Ear
AXILLO- Axilla (armpit)
BALANO- Penis
BILI- Bile
BLENNO- Mucous
BLEPHARO- Eyelid
BRACHIO- Arm
BRONCHO- Bronchus
BRONCHIOLO- Bronchiole
BUCCO- Cheek
CAECO- Caecum
CARDIO- Heart
CARPO- Wrist
CEPHALO- Head
CEREBELLO- Part of the brain (cerebellum)
CEREBRO- Brain
CERVICO- Cevix/neck
CHEIL Lip
CHEIRO- Hand
CHOLANGIO- Bile/bilary vessels
CHOLE- Bile
CHOROIDO- Common bile duct
CHONDRO- Cartilage
CHOLECYSTO- Gallbladder
CHOLEDOCHO- Common bile duct
CLAVICULO- Clavicle (collar bone)
COLO-/COLONO- Colon (large intestine)
CORO- Pupil/dermis
COR-/COREO- Pupil
CORONO- Heart
CORPORO- Body
COSTO- Rib
COXYGO- Coccyx
CRANIO- Part of the skull containing the brain
CUIDO- Recto-uterine sac (Pouch of Douglas)
CYCLO- Ciliary body (of eye)
CYSTO- Bladder
CYTO- Cell
DACRYO- Tear/tear duct
DACTYL- Finger
DENTO- Tooth
DERM-/DERMATO- Skin
DIGIT- Finger/toe
DISC- Disc between vertabrae
DUODENO- Duodenum (part of the intestine)
ELECTRO- Electricity
EMBOLO- Plug
ENCEPHALO- Brain
ENDOCARDIO- Lining of the heart
ENDOMETRIO- Endometrium (lining of uterus)
ENTERO- Intestine
EPIGLOTTO- Epiglottis
ETHMOID- Part of the cranium
FACI- Face
FEMORO- Femur (thigh bone)
FERRI-/FERRO- Iron
FETO-/FOETO- Fetus
FIBULO- Fibula (lower leg bone)
FRONTO- Front part of the brain
GENITO- Genital
GINGIVO- Gums
GLOLMERULO- Glomerulus (part of nephron)
GLOSSO- Tongue
GLYCO- Sugar
GNATHO- Jaw
GYNO/GYNAECO- Woman
HAEMO-/HAEMATO- Blood
HALLUX- Great toe
HEP-/HEPATO- Liver
HERNIO- Hernia, rupture, protrusion
HIDRO- Perspiration
HISTO- Tissued
HUMERO- Humerous (upper arm)
HYDRO- Water
HYGRO- Moisture
HYSTERO- Womb
IATRO- Physician
ILEO- Ileum (part fo the pelvis)
IMMUNO- Immunity
IRIDO- Iris (of eye)
ISCHIO- Ischium (part of the hip bone)
JEJUNO- Jejunum (part of the intestine)
KALO- Potassium
KARYO- Nucleus
KARATO- Cornea/skin
LABYRINTHO- Labrinth (part of ear)
LACRIMO-/LACHRYMO-LACRYMO- Tear
LACTO- Milk
LAMINO- Lamina (part of vertebra)
LAPARO- Abdomen/abdominal wall
LARYNGO- Larynx
LEUCO- White
LINGUO- Tongue
LIPO- Fat
LOBO- Lobe
LYMPHO- Lymphatic, lymph
LYMPHADENO- Lymph gland
LYMPHANGIO- Lymph vessel
MALO-/MALAR Cheek bone
MAMMO-/MASTO- Breast
MANDIBULO- Lower jaw
MASTOIDO- Mastoid (part of ear)
MAXILLO- Upper jaw
MENINGO- Meninges
MENISCO- Meniscus (knee cartilage)
METACARPO- Hand bones
METATARSO- Foot bones
METRO- Womb
MORPHO- Form/dream
MYC-/MYCO-/MYCETO- Fungus
MYELO- Marrow/spinal cord
MYO-/MYOS- Muscle
MYCARDIO- Myocardium (heart muscle)
MYOMETRIO- Myometrium (muscle of uterus)
MYRINGO- Ear drum
MYXO- Mucous membrane
NARCO- Deep sleep/stupor
NATRO- Sodium
NECRO- Death
NEPHRO- Kidney
NEURO- Nerve
NOCTO- Night
NUCLEO- Nucleus
NYCTO- Night
OCCIPITO- Part of the cranium (occipital bone)
OCULO- Eye
ODONTO- Tooth
OLECRANO- Part of the elbow
ONYCHO- Nail
OESOPHAGO Oesophagus (gullet)
OESTRO- Oestrogen
ONCO- Tumour
OO- Egg/ovum
OOPHORO- Ovary
OPHTHALMO- Eye
OPTO- Sight
ORBITO- Part of the eye socket
ORCHIO-/ORCHIDO- Testis
ORO- Mouth
OS- Bone/mouth
OTO- Ear
OVARI- Ovary
PAEDO- Child
PALATO- Roof of mouth
PANCREATO- Pancreas
PAROTO- Parotid gland
PAIATO- Part of the cranium (parietal bone)
PATELLO- Knee cap
PATHO- Disease
PED- Foot
PERICARDIO- Outer layer of heart (covering of heart)
PERINEO- Perineum
PHAGO- Swallow/eat
PHALANGIO- Fingers, toes
PHALLO- Penis
PHARMACO- Drug
PHARYNGO- Pharynx (throat)
PHLEBO- Vein
PHONO- Voice
PHRENO- Diaphram/mind
PILO- Hair
PLEURO- Lungs
PNEUMO-/PNEUMON0- Air/gas/lung
PODO- Foot
POLLEX Thumb
PROCTO- Anus/rectum
PSYCHO- Mind
PTYALO- Saliva
PUBO- Pubis
PYELO- Pelvis of kidney
PYLORO- Pylorus of the stomach
PYO- Pus
PYRO- Fever
PROSTATO- Prostrate gland
RACHIO- Spine
RADICULO- Nerve root
RADIO- Radiation/main bone of lower arm
RECTO- Rectum
REN- Kidney
RETINO- Retina
RHABDOMYO- Straited muscle
RHINO- Nose
SACCHARO- Sugar
SALPINGO- Fallopian/uterine/eustachian tube
SANGUINO- Blood
SARCO- Flesh
SCAPULO- Shoulder blade
SERO- Serum
SIALO- Salivary gland
SIGMOIDO- Sigmoid colon
SINO- Space/sinus
SOCIO- Sociology
SOMATO- Body
SPIANCHO- Viscera/organs
SPERMATO- Spermatozoa/semen
SPHENOIDO- Part of the cranium
SPHYGMO- Pulse
SPIRO- Breath
SPLENO- Spleen
SPONDYLO- Vertabra
STEATO- Fat
STERNO- Breast bone
STETHO- Chest
STOMA-/STOMATO- Mouth
SYNOVO- Synovial
SYRINGO- Cavity/tube
TABO- Tabes
TARSO- Foot/eyelid
TEMPORO- Part of the cranium (temporal bone)
TENDINO-/TENO- Tendon
THEIO- Nipples
THERMO- Heat
THORACO-/THORACICO- Chest/thorax
THROMBO- Blood clot
THYMO- Thymus gland
TIBIO- Tibia (main lower leg bone)
TILO- Breast
TONSILLO- Tonsils
TOX-/TOXICO- Poison
TRACHEO- Windpipe/trachea
TRICHO- Hair
TROPHO- Nourishment
TURBINO- Bone in the nose (turbinate)
TYMPANO- Ear drum
ULNO- Lower arm bone (ulna)
URETERO- Ureter
URETHRO- Urethra
URINO- Urine
URO- Urine/urinary organs
UTERO- Womb
UVEO- Uveal tract (part of eye)
VALVO-/VALVULO- Valve
VARICO- Varicose veins
VASO- Vessel
VENO- Vein
VENTRICO-/VENTRICULO- Ventricle (lower chamber of heart)
VASCULO- Blood vessel
VERTIBRO- Vertibra
VESICO- Vesicle/bladder/fluid-filled blister
VESTIBULO- Vestibule of inner ear
VOIO- Palm
ZOO- Animal
ZYGO-ZYGOMATO- Cheek bone (zygomatic)
OSSIC-/OSSICULO- Ossicles (bones)
OSTERO- Bone
PERITONEO- Peritoneum
PHAKO- Lens
THYRO- Thyroid
Created by: Owly