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Prophets OT2

Allison's Intro to OT 2 flashcards for the Prophets

Former Prophets Joshua-2 Kings
Latter Prophets Both Major and Minor Prophets; Isaiah - Malachi
Nabi prophet; one who is called by God
Ro'eh Seer, diviner, prophet
Mari Tablets Describe Prophets form another culture/religion
"Religion" (VanGemeren) Manipulation, divination, realpolitik, vox populi
"Revelation" (VanGemeren) Submission, divine guidance, divine wisdom, counterculture
RealPolitik power politics - anything to maintain or enhance life
Vox Populi voice of the people, softens the radical nature nature of faith in favor of popular expectations
VanGemeren's marks of a prophet 1 Israelite 2 Called by God 3 Empowered by the HS 4 God's spokesperson 5 authority in speaking for God 6 good shepherd like Moses 7 might give a "sign"
Ecstatic Prophecy overcome by one single idea or feeling, losing touch with the normal world for a moment.
foretelling expressing a future reality which has already been determined or known by God
forth-telling preaching God's truth - often by describing God's past actions in history
4 "rolls" of the prophets where? 3 for Major and 1 for Minor
3 main types of prophetic speech Announcement of Salvation Judgment against Individual Judgment against Nation
Apocalypse revelation mediated by an otherworldly being to a human, telling of another reality in time and space
Time of Isaiah 735-700 BC
Prophet used the most in the NT Isaiah
Traditional Authorship of Isaiah Isaiah wrote it
Duhm's contributions to Isaiah 3rd division of Isaiah (56-66) "Servant Songs" became another source 24-27 became another source
Divisions of Isaiah or non-traditional view of authorship 1-39 period of Isaiah (pre-exile) 40-55 Babylonian exile 56-66 Post-exile Jerusalem
Williamson's arguments against single authorship 1 setting varies considerably 2 messages of various parts are different 3 NT references to Isaiah are to the book and not the prophet
Arguments for traditional authorship 1 viewpoint of 40-66 an ideal one (not real) 2 different messages are woven together at the end 3 Idolatry is consistently Canaanite in nature suggesting pre-exilic time
Major Theological Themes in Isaiah God, Justice and Righteousness
Time of Jeremiah 627 BC until 586 BC according to the superscription
Genres found in Jeremiah Oracles of Disaster Disputations Proclamations of Salvation Symbolic Actions Visions Dirges Laments
LXX Jeremiah another stage in the development of the book (before what is our English Version)
Theological Themes in Jeremiah 1 Israel's receipt of covenant 2 Israel's obligations of lifestyle and worship 3 Israel's irresponsibility 4 Israel's rejection by God 5 God's promise of renewal
Purposes of the Book Telling Why (Exile) Hermeneutical Asides Babylonian Religion condemned Warnings Trajectory of Hope
Traditional author of Lamentations Jeremiah (perhaps through Baruch)
non-traditional authorship of Lamentations Editors/scribes
Traditional time of writing 586-520 BC
Literary Features of Lamentations Personification of the city and structures Different voices in dialogue Acrostics (1-4)
Theological Themes of Lamentations Suffering and Redemption Zion and Retribution
Ezekiel Traditional Author Ezekiel
Non-Traditional Author Ezekiel Series of editors/scribes down to Greek times
"modern" interpretations of Ezekiel often attempt to do this Diagnosis of his Psychological Condition
Arguments for Ezekiel 6th century author 1) proper descriptions of Babylon 2 language fits the 6th century 3 oracles reflect a person in trauma 4 apocalyptic imagery fits other Persian texts 5 reasonable to assume narrator = author
Ezekiel non-traditional authorship 1 original book (500-485) 2 Deutero-Ezekiel reworking (400-300) 3 cultic law redaction (300)
Parallels with the Pentateuch could signal 1) "D" revision; 2) Inner-Biblical Exegesis (prophet new of earlier text)
Basic Message of Ezekiel God's holiness and power
Date of Daniel Traditional: 6th-5th BC Other: Greek (Maccabean) 167ish BC
What language is Daniel written in? Both Hebrew and Aramaic
Daniel's structure is called a what? Chiasm
Name a few Greek additions to Daniel Prayer of Azariah Song of the 3 young men Susanna Bel and the Dragon
Genres found in Daniel Court Tales, Visions, Prophecy and Apocalypse
Some Interpretive Issues in Daniel Four Empires and Small Horn "One like the Son of Man" Seventy Sevens
Daniel is about Human and Divine Sovereignty; and Human and Divine Faithfulness; plus Angelology
Which order of the 12 do English readers follow? Hebrew Order
Significance of Hebrew Order of 12 Loosely chronological
Traditional Date of Hosea before 745 BC
Imagery in Hosea marriage to a woman of harlotry
In Hosea what is the sin of Israel? Baalism, not worshiping YAHWEH alone
Hosea was a contemporary of what Prophet? Isaiah
Traditional Author of Joel Joel (1:1)
Occasion of Joel Locust Plague that devastated the land
Date of Joel Traditional: before Exile Non-Traditional - really anytime
Structure of Joel Double Chiasm
Major Interpretive Issue in Joel Locusts or Soldiers in Chapter 2?
Date of Amos about 750 BC
International Scene at Amos' time Judah provided a buffer between Israel and Egypt Nations to the North were concerned with Assyria. Israel regained some territory
Primary Theological Themes in Amos 1) Divine Punishment; 2) Call to seek God; 3) Call to live ethically
Pentateuch law mentioned by Amos taking one's cloak in pledge
Social Sins in Amos's time Baalism to secure personal advancement Taking advantage of the poor
Main point of Obadiah Edom will be judged
Traditional time/author of Obadiah early 8th century BC, Obadiah from 1 Ki 18
Obadiah has parallels to what other book Jeremiah 49
Obadiah's theological themes Universal Rule of God, Abrahamic Covenant; Israel's prophets presented as messengers of the Divine Warrior
Traditional author/date Jonah 700s BC by Jonah
Distinctive about Jonah as a prophetic book? Jonah runs, does not obey at first.
Genre? Traditional: Historical Narrative Other: type of parable Ancient: Allegorical
Message of Jonah Don't be like Jonah; God has ultimate power and even has compassion on his enemies
What Prophet was a contemporary of Micah? Isaiah
Conditions during Micah's prophecy? Assyrians aggressively on the move
Where is Micah referred to? Jer 26:18-19
Theological Message of Malachi 1 Election 2 Land as Inheritance 3 God alone 4 Conditional Possession 5 Just Rule
Traditional Date Malachi 750-700 BC
Nation/City addressed in Nahum? Assyria/Nineveh
Assyrian King who made Nineveh important? Sennacherib
Date/Authorship of Nahum Traditional: 663-612 BC/Nahum
Theological Themes in Nahum Nature of God, judgment on opposition, God as victor
Distinctive about Habakkuk? Vision is a dialogue with God
Author/Date Habakkuk? 615-590 BC (perhaps 605)
Main concern in the book? How long will they have to wait for God's help against the violence?
Contemporary of Habakkuk Zephaniah, Jeremiah, maybe Nahum
Time of Zephaniah? about 621 BC
What is unique about Zephaniah's superscription? His genealogy goes back to king Hezekiah
What parts of Genesis are alluded to? The flood in Gen 6-7
What special feature of the Day of the Lord is recorded in Zephaniah? The remnant who has favor from God includes GENTILES
Date of Haggai Before 2nd temple finished 520 BC
Main concerns of Haggai 1 rebuilding of God's house; 2 purification; 3 future glorification, 4 David's line
Structure of sections in Haggai 1) introductory formula 2) Dramatic Conflict 3) Divine Challenge to obedience and faith 4) declaration of promise
How many night visions in Zechariah? eight night visions
recorded dates in Zechariah's ministry? Z 1:1 = 520BC Z 7:1 = 518BC
Who was Zechariah's contemporary? Haggai which also deals with temple.
Authorship of Zechariah? Traditional: Zechariah wrote it all before 500 BC Non-Traditional: usually 1-8 considered to be from Zechariah during 500s BC, and 9-14 redacted as late as 2nd century BC.
Themes of Zechariah Centrality of Jerusalem; Future inclusion of Gentiles; the coming messianic shoot
Malachi means? my messenger
Date/authorship of Malachi? Traditional: Malachi wrote 475-450 Non-Traditional: anonymous prophet around 450BC
Why does Malachi address marriage? Priests had inter-married against Torah
Themes in Malachi? 1) God is their father 2) return to right worship 3) right relationship in marriage 4) right relationships in community 5) right giving to God
Created by: JustinAllison
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