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World History Trivia

Global Studies II Terms and figures

QuestionAnswer
Greek mathematician who studied density, levers, and pulleys. invented a screw pump device Archimedes
Irish Chemist who conducted experiments on gases at different temperatures, Boyles laws known a s the Father of Chemistry Robert Boyle
Polish Astronomer who believed that the Earth orbited the sun Copernicus
Polish chemist and physicist who experimented with raidoactivity and was the first woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize Marie Curie
American inventor of the electric light bulb, phonograph and motion pictures Thomas Edison
Jewish physicist who discovered theory of relativity between space and time Albert Einstein
Greek who showed that the Earth was round and calculated the circumfrenc Eratosthenes
American engineer and inventor who developed the first steam boat Robert Fulton
Italian scientist who studied motion confirmed Copernicus theory that the Earth circled the sun Galileo
invented the printing press in 1450, by printing the bible, it helped to spread the ideas of the Reformation. Johann Gutenberg
scientist who discovered the laws of gravity raisng hopes that all the universe acted according to certain fixed and fundamental laws Isaac Newton
scientist who found that most diseases are started by germs he developed new vaccines and a process to kill germs called pasteurization Louis Pasteur
greek mathematician that advanced geometry with his theorem pythagoras
rejected traditional church teachings and introduced scientific method by observing nature and testing hypothesis Scientific Revolution
a scottish inventor who improved the steam engine making steam power available to run machines in factories James watt
a pre columbian civilization in central mexico with a highly complex social organization, calender, and a tradition of human sacrifice Aztec Civilization
ancient city states like athens made contributions to art philosophy literature drama and history Greek Civilization
Indian empire characterized by peace, prosperity, and trade, "Golden Age" of hindu culture Gupta Empire
invented paper and ceramics gave examinations to candidates for government device and increased trade on the Silk Road in China Han Dynasty
was a pre columbian area in the Andes Mountains that used engineering and grew potatoes Inca Civilization
the U.N. divided Palestine into two states, this lead to Arab nations declaring war on what other created country Israel
Hindu empire established in India, emperor Asoka covered to Buddhism and improved roads, built hospitals, and education. Mauryan empire
in Guatemala and the Yucatan where they grew corn, built and created a numbering system Maya Civilization
followed the Mongol dynasty, moved capital to Beijing and ruled during peace and prosperity Ming Dynasty
conquered areas in Asia and Eurasia which amassed the largest empire in history Mongols
a nomadic group of Turkish people who emerge as the rulers of the Islamic world and conquered Constantinople in 1453 Ottomans
Shih huang-ti became China's first emperor, unified China, built roads, canals, and the great wall Qin Dynasty
rulers ended peasant uprisings, reunited China, brought peace and prosperity Tang Dynasty
rulers had "Mandate of Heaven" in China Zhou Dynasty
leader for independence who defeated Spanish forces in SOuth America, liberating Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia Simon Bolivar
born in 1943 a Polish union leader who organized the Solidarity Movement, led workers strikes which brought about free elections and the end of Communist rule in Poland Lech Walesa
reformer who lead the fight to abolish slave trade and slavery William Wilberforce
Catholic thinker who believed in natural laws based on reason and the right to defy unjust laws Thomas Aquinas
Created by: klemdog