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7th Grade - Unit 5

Ancient Africa

Which rivers surround Mesopotamia? Tigris and Euphrates
Which modern-day country was Mesopotamia located in? Iraq
What did Hammurabi establish to provide justice and control his empire? code of law
What is the name for the shift from food gathering to food raising? Agricultural Revolution
Which direction did the Bantu people migrate from their homeland? southeast
The Bantu migration began between which 2 rivers? Benue and Niger
The _______________ was the name for the fertile soil along the Nile River in Egypt. black land
The _______________ was the name for the outlying desert areas in Egypt away from the Nile River. red land
Which process allowed the Egyptians to grow crops in land that would otherwise have been desert? irrigation
The Egyptians worshiped many gods so their religion was ______________. polytheistic
The Egyptians believed they would need their bodies for the afterlife so they _______________ their dead. mummified
the remains of early life that have been preserved fossil
0 degrees latitude Equator
0 degrees longitude Prime Meridian
half of a globe or sphere hemisphere
an account of a historical event created by someone who did not witness the event secondary source
an account of a historical event created by someone who witnessed the event primary source
the horizontal lines on a map that measure distances north and south of the Equator latitude
the vertical lines on a map that measure distances east and west of the Prime Meridian longitude
a human-made object with historical significance artifact
a group of years with some distinctive feature(s) in common age, era, epoch
the watering of crops irrigation
group of people with similar customs, background, training, and income social class
a skill in one type of work specialization
an amount produced in excess of what is needed surplus
the cultivation of soil to produce crops agriculture
human society with an advanced level of development in social and political organization and in the arts and sciences civilization
fertile soil deposited by a river silt
a person who specializes in writing and is a record keeper scribe
a political unit that includes a city and the nearby farmland city-state
a belief in many gods or goddesses polytheism
acceptance of beliefs, habits, or practices of others (Cyrus ruled using this ideal) toleration
a collection of many people and lands under the control of one ruler (Sargon created the first one) empire
a set of written rules (Hammurabi created the first one in history) code of law
Led an army in battle against the Hittites; Negotiated the worlds first known peace treaty; Built a city to honor himself with statues portraying himself as a god; Expanded Egyptian empire into Nubia and Eastern Mediterranean region Ramses II
Made Egypt richer through trade; Female pharaoh Hatshepsut
Relied on advisers to help him rule Egypt Tutankhamen
Art changed under his rule to portray pharaohs realistically; Promoted the worship of only one god (Aton, the sun god) Akhenaton
The soil along the Nile's banks is very ____________ due to the fact that the floods deposit minerals and silt there. fertile
The Nile branches into a _____________ at its mouth near the Mediterranean Sea. delta
Pharaoh ______________ ordered the construction of the largest pyramid ever built. Khufu
Under the rule of ______________, the Egyptians enjoyed peace, the expansion of the empire, and a stable government Ramses II
Queen Hatshepsut erected several _______________ to proclaim her glory as pharaoh obelisks
_______________ ordered a trading expedition to an African land to the south known as Punt. Queen Hatshepsut
Egyptians created a system of _______________ with about 700 characters. heiroglyphs
Some ancient Egyptians trained to be ______________, or people whose job it was to write and keep records scribes
Egyptian religion was one of the first to be based on a belief in a happy _______________. afterlife
Egyptian kings were given the title of ______________, which is a word that means "great house". pharaoh
Egyptians wrote some of the first books on a material made from the ______________ reed. papyrus
Egyptians used the fertile soil near the Nile to grow flax, which they used to make ______________. linen
In the south, the Nile churns with waterfalls, which are also called ______________. cataracts
Egyptians would ______________ dead bodies in order to preserve them. embalm
Early Africans believed in ____________, or that everything possesses a soul. animism
The ____________ people spread across Africa in one of the greatest migrations in human history. Bantu
Oral history was passed along by a _____________ in African societies griot
The order in which members of the Egyptian royal family would inherit the throne is called _____________. succession
The ______________ of the Bantu through Africa was a slow process that took thousands of years. migration
The ______________ people were the first in Africa to make iron. Nok
How long did the Bantu migration take? thousands of years
Which group invaded Egypt during the Middle Kingdom? Hyksos
Created by: mrsdyer316