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7th grade - Unit 2

Early Human Societies

With new agricultural techniques, farmers would often have a ________________ of crops that they could save or share with others. surplus
The idea of ________________ came about when early humans realized that grain sprouted from spilled seed, which could be planted to raise crops. agriculture
Early villages formed near rivers because people needed water for the ________________ of their crops. irrigation
Early societies formed _______________ in order to create safer and more stable communities. government
The ________________ of early humans probably included a belief that everything in nature had a spirit, including rocks, trees, and animals. religion
Once surpluses of food began to be produced, people began to _______________ in other types of work. specialize
Specialization led to the development of groups of people with similar customs, training, and income, known as a ________________ social class
New ________________ allowed early people to hunt and build shelters more efficiently technology
Potters, weavers, and craftspeople are examples of ________________ artisans
When humans learned to ________________ plants and animals it provided them with a reliable source of food. domesticate
Early farmers practiced ________________ agriculture in order to clear land for crops. slash-and-burn
A village with a small population in which most people are farmers simple village
A village with a large population, social classes, artisans, government leaders,and public structures complex village
Where did permanent settlements first develop? river valleys
The ________________ of nomads was often to follow the animals that they hunted. migration
Hunter-gatherers were ________________ because they had to move in order to find food. nomads
something written or created by a person who witnessed a historical event primary source
an account of a historical event created by someone who did not witness the event secondary source
the vertical lines on a map that measure distances east and west of the Prime Meridian longitude
the horizontal lines on a map that measure distances north and south of the Equator latitude
half of a globe or sphere hemisphere
0 degrees latitude Equator
0 degrees longitude Prime Meridian
a human-made object with historical significance artifact
the remains of early life that have been preserved fossil
a group of years with some distinctive feature(s) in common age, era, epoch
Created by: mrsdyer316