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7th Grade - Unit One

Tools of History and 5 Themes of Geography

TermDefinition
Mesolithic Age Also known as the Middle Stone Age, the period lasted from 10,000 BC-6,000 BC and was the time when early hominids learned to control fire and develop language
Paleolithic Age The Old Stone Age which lasted from 2.5 million BC-8,000 BC; this was the time during which the earliest hominids first developed primitive stone tools.
Neolithic Age Time period from 8,000 BC-3,000 BC that is also called the New Stone Age; it was during this time that hominids began creating pottery and farming
artifact Something of historical significance that was created by humans. Some examples might include an arrowhead, a clay pot, or a scroll
fossil The remains of a once living organism such as petrified wood, bones, teeth, or decaying plant remains
continent Any of the 7 largest landmasses on the Earth's surface
landform One of the many physical features of the Earth's surface including mountains, plateaus, and plains
political map A map that shows distinct, man-made boundaries and features.
physical map A map that shows landforms, bodies of water, and often includes changes in elevation.
thematic map A map that provides information regarding a specific topic such as a natural resource, climate, or vegetation maps
primary source Something that is created by a witness to an event at the time that the event occurs. Some examples include pictures, videotapes, journal entries and letters.
secondary source Something that is created after an event has already occurred by people who were not present to witness the event. Some examples include textbooks, biographies, and paintings.
oral history Stories (such as folk tales and legends) that are passed from generation to generation without ever being written down
latitude The horizontal lines on a map that measure the distance north or south of the Equator and are also called parallels
longitude The vertical lines on a map that measure the distance east and west of the Prime Meridian
place The theme of geography that tells us what a location is like.
movement The theme of geography that tells us how people, goods, and ideas get from one location to another
location The theme of geography that tells us where a place is
Human Environment Interaction The theme of geography that tells us how people adapt to, rely on, or modify their physical world
region The theme of geography that tells us how different locations are similar or different
age, era, epoch A group of years with similar defining characteristics
bias A person's feelings or beliefs that prevent them from being impartial
perspective Someone's point of view
country A land area controlled by its own government; usually smaller than a continent
globe 3-dimensional representation of the Earth
map 2-dimensional representation of the Earth's surface or a portion of the Earth's surface
atlas a book of maps
vegetation The plant life of a particular area
climate The weather patterns of a particular place over a long period of time
geography The study of the Earth and its people
hominid A human-like being that walks upright on 2 feet
Created by: mrsdyer316