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History Final

What best describes the goal that Mazzini, Cavour, and Garibaldi all had in common? Italian Unification
What European events influenced the revolts in the Austrian Empire? Revolutions in France, Italy, and the German states
What conditions best describe the type of gov't that the Marxists wanted to create in Russia and what is this type of gov't called? No private property, government controls trade; Socialist Republic
In what ways was the Russian economy different from the rest of Europe? hadn't industrialized and relied on agriculture
Who were the Red Shirts and why did they have this name? Volunteers led by Garibaldi who fought for Italian unity
Bismarck's philosophy of realpolitik practical rather than idealistic; based on Prussia's interests
Significance of Bloody Sunday in Russia. What did it lead to? Troops fired at protestors and it led to the October Manifesto
Marxist follower who published a work supporting the overthrow of the czar in 1902 Lenin
Result of Russo-Japanese War Japanese won war; made Russians call for change
Importance of controlling Constantinople for Russians Access to Mediterranean
Cause of the Crimean War control of the holy land
Bismarck's phrase, "Blood and Iron" brute force to achieve German unification
Young Turks fought against the absolute power of the Ottoman Empire's sultan
Terrorism trend increasing lately
3 examples of natural disasters including the one that devastated large areas in Southeast Asia in 2004 tsunami, earthquake, hurricane
Anthrax is an example of a biological weapon
Developments in what area have led to rapid growth of biotechnology? genetics
Sustainable Development economic development that does not damage resources permanently
refugee someone who flees their country
Deforestation clearing of trees and it can cause extinction
relationship between global warming and human activity GW caused by air pollution from HA
epidemic outbreak of a contagious disease
1 million massacred in 1994 due to tensions between Tutsi and Hutu ethnic groups genocide in Rwanda
Darfur incident in early 2000s Arab militants supported by the government, attacked African villagers and looted their homes. *400k killed and 2mil refugees*
Four discoveries that came from space exploration 1)info on climate change 2)New technology 3)Consumer products(glasses) 4)info on origins and development of stars, galaxies, and planets
Imperialistic control of India before and after Sepoy Mutiny B: British East India Company A: British gov't
Sepoy Mutiny causes pork and beef fat carts
1600s-1700s: type of trade most important to Dutch in SE Asia spices
European leaders motives as they attempted imperialistic control over Africa colonies=power
Japan's way of becoming an imperial power industrialization and modernization
defenders of imperialism using Social Darwinism said they were more fit to rule the nations
reaction in Asia over Japan's victory against Russia in the Russo-Japanese War celebration; Korea worried though
Countries that claimed territory in China as China's military weakened in the late 1800s Russia, Italy, France, Britain, Germany
British exported opium to China to... correct the imbalance of trade
2 conditions that made the Treaty of Nanjing an unequal treaty extraterritoriality and it opened five ports to Western trade
Control and occupation of Egypt was important to Britain in 1882 because... Suez Canal
U.S. acquired these at the end of the Spanish-American War Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines
Ethiopia remained independent during the Scramble for Africa because they... modernized their military
European nations conquered Asian and African nations with... superior military force
Britain relied on ____ for cotton India
Bolsheviks opponents White Army
women's roles in WWI nurses and factory workers
reason for new weapons in WWI stalemate
events that lead to WWI -Princip assasinates Ferdinand -A-H declares war on Serbia -Russia defends Serbia -Germ. declares war on France and Russia
2 fronts Germany fought on France on west and Russia on East
reason for colonial volunteers during WWI thought they would win independence
Trench warfare caused... stalemate
Crime that started WWI Assassination of Franz Ferdinand by Galvio Princip
4 new weapons of WWI mach. guns, tanks, aircraft, poison gas
genocide deliberate destruction of a group of people
Zimmerman note from Germany to Mexico; Mexico gets land if the declare war on U.S.
2 main goals of 14 points 1)reduction of weapons 2)rights of all people to choose their own gov't
main goal of League of Nations encourage international cooperation and keep peace
effect on Germany of the Treaty of Versailles had to pay money, take blame for war, shrink military, return conquered land
British Balfour Declaration supported goals of the Zionist movement
Mao Zedong's reason for leading Chinese Communists on Long March to find a safe spot
Leader of the Great Purge Stalin
Amritsar Massacre British soldiers open-fired on peaceful demonstrators; killed nearly 400
Gandhi's 2 most important concepts ahisma- non violence toward living things and civil disobedience
Stalin's goal totalitarian regime
strained relationship between Japan and US in 1924 U.S. barred Japanese immigration
Reason for Japan's attack on Manchuria resources
communism views: Stalin vs Marx Stalin wanted more government power
Nuremberg Laws definition of Jews grandparents' ancestry
American wirter who influenced Gandhi Herny David Thoreau
Black Tuesday stock market crashed
Founder of the National Fascist Party Mussolini
Kristallnacht anit-Jewish riots across Germany
totalitarianism government controls all aspects of life
Kemal Ataturk's goal modernize Turkey
significance of Egypt's independence only one during Interwar Years
Herbert Hoover's impression of the Great Depression normal, healthy adjustment to a heated economy
reason Americans rushed to buy stocks in the 1920's stock value went up 400%
lack of resources in Japan prevented them from... becoming self sufficient
Anit-Comintern Pact Japan and Germany's agreement to stop the spread of communism
Hitler's main ideas in Mein Kampf political ideas, nationalism and the racial superiority of Germans of whom he called Aryans
factors that contributed to Hitler's rise to power wanted a strong leader
"Surrender is forbidden" Battle of Stalingrad
"Fight on the beaches...landing grounds" Churchill said this to motivate the British before the Battle of Britain
result of the Siege of Leningrad 1 million Russian civilian deaths
Hitler's actions after the liberation of Paris counterattack on Belgium
action that marked the start of WWII Poland invasion by Germans
Group treated most harshly by U.S. during WWII Japanese-Americans
Axis Powers Italy, Japan, Germany
shifted US away from isolationism Pearl Harbor
Neville Chamberlain's policy he used to deal with the Germans before WWII appeasement
reason Soviet Union was unprepared for Hitler's attacks non-aggression pact
Hitler's Final Solution concentration camps and the deliberate mass execution of all Jews
invention used by British to defend against German air attack radar
The Atlantic Charter agreement between FDR and Churchill
Turning point in the Pacific The Battle of Midway led by Chester Nimitz
key German weapon in the battle for the Atlantic U-boats
On _ ___, the Allies launched a long planned invasion of Europe from Normandy D day
The ___ ____ was formed after WWII United Nations
Hitler's response to the invasion of France counter in Belgium
control of North Africa was vital for the allies because of the Suez Canal
appeasement overlooking aggressive actions to keep peace
US position on military aid before Pearl Harbor shipped supplies to the allies
Yalta conference reach agreement on what to do with post war Europe
Allied Leaders' difficulty at Potsdam Conference tension because of Soviet Union's actions
Turning point in WWII for The Soviet Union Stalingrad
importance of Soviet-nonaggression pact Soviets off guard
the one who made the decision to drop the atomic bomb Truman
U.S. economic slowdown in the 70s due to raise in the cost of energy
one serious effect of the arms race a serious chance of nuclear warfare
Truman Doctrine awarded them millions in aid Greece and Turkey
Perestroika restructuring; Gorbachev; reform of the Soviet economic and political system
Glasnost openness; Gorbachev; discussing issues openly
Gorbachev's response to the spread of revolution in Eastern Europe in 1989 stayed out of it
Iron Curtain sharp division between of communism in Europe
U.S. invaded Iraq in 2003 because they thought they possessed nuclear weapons
Event that led to the Test ban Treaty Cuban Missile Crisis
US and Soviet Union basis on building up the military on the basis of deterrence
2 reasons why the European Economic Community was formed 1)eliminate trade barriers 2)unification
2 main factors that led to the breakup of Yugoslavia in the 90s 1)ethnic tension 2)weakening gov't
Collapse of this nation marked the end of the Cold War Soviet Union
US's goal when it went to war in Korea stop North Korean communists
French controlled these 3 nations before WWII Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia
Importance of consumer spending in the US after WWII created enormous growth in the economy
2 results of the Great Leap Forward 1)famine 2)sharp drop min agricultural production
became world's largest democracy in 1947 India
President who improved relations with China Nixon
2 important factors that helped Japan's economy recover after WWII 1)Japan supplied US during Korean War 2) consumer goods and foreign trade
Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal because... U.S. and Britain refused to fund a dam on the nile
the role of nationalist leaders as a result of the first Arab-Israeli war they emerged as strong leaders
Why did France negotiate with nationalist leader and grant independence to Tunesia and Morocco in 1956? ` Fighting nationalists in Algeria required their full attention
Nasser was attacked in October 1956 because he... took over the Suez Canal
What UN efforts tried and failed before the U.S. led coalition launched the Persian Gulf war in 1990 economic sanctions against Iraq
How did Iran change under the leadership of Ayotollah Khimeini? Strict religious and social values
OPEC and purpose Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries; regulate the production of oil exports
Guevara's main goal for Cuba Marxist regime
Liberation Theology church should be active in the struggle for social and economic equality
NAFTA(North American Free Trade Agreement) US, Mexico, and Canada agreed to eliminate tariffs
dictators in Chile, Brazil, and Argentina used _____ and ____ to silence their opposition torture, murder
3 goals Castro focused on in Cuba 1)ending U.S. dominance 2)reforming society 3)redistribution of wealth
Calderon being elected showed Mexico's commitment to... democracy
US supported corrupt, anti-communist groups in which 3 countries?` Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua
2 causes of hyperinflation in Brazil 1)rise in oil prices 2)frozen wages
80s and 90s, Latin America became generally more democratic
In addition to Chile, which Latin American country was generally successful in market reforms in the early 1990s? Brazil
In what two countries did the US fund opposition groups? Nicaragua and Chile
Although NAFTA was intended to remove barriers of trade, what did many Mexicans worry that increased competition would do? Many Mexicans feared that the economic effects of increased competition from foreign imports
Created by: joshdiaz