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PSR terminology

suffixes/root word/plural forms

-ac, -al, -ar, -ry, -eal, -ic, -ose, -ous, -tic pertaining to
-cyte cell
-e noun marker, (indicates this form of the word is a noun)
-gram record
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry process of measuring
-iatric treatment
-iatry, -logy study of
-logist one who specializes in the study of
-icle, -ole, -ula small
-ium/-eum tissue or structure
-ize, -ate make; use; subject to
-or one who
-poiesis formation
-scope instrument for examining
-scopy examination
-stasis stop or stand
-blast immature
-algia, -dynia pain
-cele pouch, sac, or hernia
-emesis vomit
-emia condition of blood
-form, -oid like or resembling
-genic beginning, origin, or
-genesis production
-ia, -ism, condition of
-iasis formation of; presence of
-itis inflammation
-lysis breaking down
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-oma tumor
-osis condition
-penia abnormal reduction; lack of
-phage, -phagia, -phagy eat; devour
-phile, -philia attraction for; love for
-phobia fear of
-plasia formation
-pnea breathing
-ptosis drooping; falling or downward displacement
-rrhage, -rrhagia, -rrhagic to burst forth
-rrhea discharge or flow
-rrhexis rupture or breaking
-spasm involuntary contraction
-trophy development
-y condition or process of
-centesis puncture to remove fluid
-desis binding
-ectomy excision; surgical removal
-pexy surgical suspension or fixation
-plasty surgical repair of reconstruction
-rrhapy suture
-stomy surgical creation of an artificial opening
-tomy incision
-tripsy crushing
Plural Forms****
apex -ex/-ices apices
appendix -ix/-ices appendices
bacterium -ium/-ia bacteria
cardiopathy -y/-ies cardiopathies
condyloma -a/-ata condylomata
diagnosis -is/-es diagnoses
fungus -us/-i fungi
phenomenon -on/-a phenomena
thorax -ax/-a thoraces
vertebra -a/-ae vertebrae
Root Words****
abdomin- abdomin/o abdomen
angi- angi/o vessel
bacteri- bacteri/o bacteria
bi- bi/o life
carcin- carcin/o cancer; cancerous
cardi- cardi/o heart
cephal- cephal/o head
cyst- cyst/o sac or cyst containing fluid; urinary bladder
cyt- cyt/o cell
electr- electr/o electricity
enter- enter/o intestines
fibrin- fibrin/o fibrin
gnath- gnath/o jaw
gynec- gynec/o woman, female
hem- hem/o blood
hemat- hem/o blood
hepat- hepat/o liver
irid- irid/o iris
kerat- kerat/o keratin (a protein)
lip- lip/o fat
mast- mast/o breast
necr- necr/o death
nephr- nephr/o kidney
onc- onc/o tumor
path- path/o disease
pelv- pelv/o pelvic
radi- radi/o x-ray
ren- ren/o renal, the kidney
sarc- sarc/o flesh
sial- sial/o saliva, salivary glands
thromb- thromb/o clot
trache- trache/o trachea
uter- uter/o uterus
Created by: randi77