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Phleb Ch 2&5


What is the physical transfer of infective material from the source to susceptible host? Direct contact
What is the transfer of infective material via an object, such as bed linens? Indirect contact
Droplets that travel 1 meter or less from the infected individual? Droplet
What is the transfer of infective material through contaminated items, such as food? Vehicle
What are droplets that transfer on air currents, such as TB? Airborne
What is transmission by insects i.e. Malaria via mosquitoes? Vector
Accidental finger stick! What is the #1 thing to do? Wash your hands with antibacterial soap
What is the #1 transmitted disease by accidental fluids/sticks? Hepatitis
Fluid surrounding the unborn child? Amniotic
Fluid from the lungs? Pleural
Fluid from the abdominal region? Peritoneal
Fluid buildup in the body tissues? Edematous
Fluid that surrounds the heart? Pericardial
Fluid ejaculated from the penis? Seminal
Fluid from the joints? Synovial
Fluid from the spinal column? Cerebrospinal
What is the primary purpose of infection control? To prevent the spread of communicable disease
A disease acquired within a medical facility is? Nosocomial
Engineering controls, work practices, housekeeping, Hep B vaccine (HBV), private rooms, and PPE are the six major tactics to? Reducing your exposure risk
Sharps containers, bags, biohazard labels, safety's and protocols that instruct you to leave the needle intact are all components of? Reducing exposure risk.
How long is the Hepatitis vaccine effective for? Which type of hepatitis does it protect against? 15!years; Hepatitis B only
What is the difference between sanitizing and disinfecting? Sanitizing a surface makes that surface sanitary or free of visible contaminants that could affect your health and Disinfecting a surface removes "kills" all microorganisms.
This is the type of isolation where a pt has a contagious disease. Chickenpox, diphtheria, or pneumonia. Strict isolation
This type of isolation is where the disease is transmitted primarily through direct contact with the infested pt. Scabies the mite sarcoptes scabiei Contact isolation
This type of isolation requires a mask when in the same room as the pt because the disease is transmitted through the air. Pertussis, mumps, rubella. Respiratory isolation
Sometimes called AFB Isolation (acid-fast bacillus) isolation. Techniques are the same as respiratory isolation but infects individuals with weakened immune systems. Aids or old age. Tuberculosis Isolation
This type of precaution are sometimes called skin and wound precautions and are used for pt with open wounds; the fluid that is secreted contains infection and soaked dressings also possibly provide transmission. Drainage/Secretion precautions
This type of precaution is for pt with severe diarrhea; these types of infections are transmitted by the infected feces. Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio cholerae. Enteric Precautions
This is any of the six types of isolation that protects the pt from the health care worker. Protective or Reverse Isolation
1 cubic centimeter or 1cc is equivalent to? 1 milliliter or 1mL
(T/F)The bigger the gauge of the needle the bigger the bore. True
What are the common gauges used for venipuncture? 20,21,22
HGA1C will be drawn into which color tube? Lavender
CBC will be drawn into which tube? Lavender
CMP will be drawn into which tube? Tiger top/SST
BMP will be drawn into which tube? Tiger top/SST
Chemistry 21 and 12 will be drawn into which tube? Tiger top/SST
TSH will be drawn into which tube? Tiger top/SST
The relationship between the gauge number of the needle and the diameter of the needle is considered a __________ relationship? Inverse relationship
The anticoagulant sodium citrate is found in which color tube? Light blue
Which color tube will the anticoagulant EDTA be found within? Lavender
In the light blue topped tubes which ratio must be maintained at all time? 1:9
The green tubes contain the anticoagulant? Heparin
This tube contains EDTA as an anticoag and also a gel separator. White or Pearl top tubes
Which tube would you draw a differential into; this tube is able to preserve the cells morphology. Lavender
Why do we use tubes that have thixotropic gel? Because serum is needed for testing
What is the preferred anticoagulant for hematology? EDTA/Lavender
Sodium citrate acts as an anticoagulant by? Binding to the calcium
Solutions A and B (ACD)acts as an anticoagulant by? Binding to calcium
EDTA inhibits blood clotting by? Binding to calcium
All types of heparin inhibit blood clotting by? Inhibiting the conversion of prothrombin to thrombin
Created by: rhiginbo