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III. Cultural

III. Cultural Patterns & Processes (Martha Sharma)

Vocab QuestionDefinition
Assimilation Process of less dominant cultures losing their culture to a more dominant culture
Acculturation Process of adopting only certain customs that will be to their advantage
Cultural Adaptation Adjusting a translation based on the cultural environment of the target language.
Cultural core/periphery pattern The core-periphery idea that the core houses main economic power of region and the outlying region or periphery houses lesser economic ties
Cultural Ecology The geographic study of human environmental relationships
Cultural Identity Ones belief in belonging to a group or certain cultural aspect
Cultural Landscape The visible imprint of human activity on the landscape
Cultural Realm Distinct traditions, beliefs, and social life brought or controlled by a dominion of a monarchy of a certain region
Culture The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group of people’s distinct tradition.
Culture Region: Formal (Uniform) An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Culture Region: Core Center of economic activity
Culture Region: Periphery Outlying region of economic activity
Culture Region: Functional (Nodal) Region organized at a node or focal point
Culture Region: Vernacular (perceptual-regional self-awareness) A place that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity
Innovation Adoption Study of how why and at what rate new technology spreads throughout a culture
Maladaptive diffusion Diffusion of a process with negative side effects or What works well in one region may not in another
Sequence Occupancy Refers to such cultural succession and its lasting imprint proposed by Derwent Whittlesey
Religion the faithfulness to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual nature. This is important to HG because man wars have been fought over it
Diffusion Types: Expansion The spread of one feature from one place to another in a snowballing process
Diffusion Types: Hierarchical The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
Diffusion Types: Contagious The rapid widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population
Diffusion Types: Stimulus The spread of an underlying principle when the characteristic fails to diffuse
Diffusion Types: Relocation The spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another
Exclave/Enclave A enclave is a country or part of a country mostly surrounded by the territory of another country; an exclave is one which is geographically separated from the main part by surrounding alien territory. This is important to HG because a lot of countries a
Created by: 12dominekb91