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Med Term Chap 4

Symptomatic and diagnostic term definitions

TermDefinition
acromegaly The condition of enlarged extremities due to hypersecretion of the pituitary growth hormone after puberty. Acromegalic is the objective form.
acrophobia exaggerated fear.
acute sharp: condition that has intense, often severe symptoms and a short course.
adenocarcinoma a cancerous tumor of glandular (secretory) tissue
amenorrhea menstrual discharge (menstruation)
anemia reduced numbers of red blood cells and their diminished ability to transport oxygen to the tissues
aneurysm widening in the wall of the heart, aorta, or artery caused by a congenital defect or acquired weakness
aphagia difficulty eating or swallowing
aphasia without speech
apnea without breathing
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
arterosclerosis hardening of fatty (lipid) paste within the walls of arteries
atrophy shrinking or wasting of tissue, such as muscle
autism complex developmental disorder distinguished by difficulties with social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and behavioral problems, including repetitive behaviors and narrow focus of interest.
benign mild or noncancerous
bipolar disorder known as manic depression, is a mood disorder that causes radical emotional changes and mood swings, from manic, restless highs to depressive, listless lows. Most bipolar individuals experience alternating episodes of mania and depression.
blepharoptosis Drooping of the upper eyelid.
blepharospasm the involuntary contraction of eyelid muscles.
bradycardia A slow heart rate. Bradycardia is one of the two types of arrhythmia
bradypnea Abnormal slowness of respiration.
bronchospasm bronchial spasm; spasmodic contraction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi, as in asthma.
carcinoma a malignant new growth made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate surrounding tissues and to give rise to metastases.
cardiomegaly Enlargement of the heart. Also called macrocardia, megalocardia.
cardiomyopathy a chronic disease of the heart muscle (myocardium), in which the muscle is abnormally enlarged, thickened, and/or stiffened. The weakened heart muscle loses the ability to pump blood effectively, resulting in irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias)
cephalodynia Pain in the head; headache.
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) the damage to brain tissue that occurs as a result of a cerebral embolism is known as a stoke or CVA
cholelithiasis The presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts.
chondromalacia Abnormal softening or degeneration of cartilage of the joints, especially of the knee.
chronic a condition that develops slowly and persists over a period of time.
coronary artery disease (CAD) when hardening and fatty paste builds up within the wall of a blood vessel, it can have many cumulative ill effects. Artherosclerosis within the coronary arteries causes CAD
cystocele hernial protrusion of the urinary bladder, usually through the vaginal wall
degeneration gradual deterioration of normal cells and body functions
dermatitis Dermatitis is a general term used to describe inflammation of the skin.
diagnosis determination of the presence of a disease based on an evaluation of symptoms, signs, and test findings
diarrhea frequent or loose stool
dysmenorrhea Dysmenorrhea is the occurrence of painful cramps during menstruation
dysphagia Difficulty in swallowing or inability to swallow. Also called aglutition, aphagia, odynophagia.
dysphasia Dysphasia is a partial or complete impairment of the ability to communicate resulting from brain injury.
dysplasia 1. abnormality of development. 2. in pathology, alteration in size, shape, and organization of adult cells.
dyspnea
dysrhythmia
dysthymia
dystrophy
endometriosis
enterospasm
epigastralgia
epilepsy
erthrocytopenia
etiology the cause of a disease
eupnea
exacerbation an aggravation, or "flare-up," of symptoms
febrile relating to a fever, or elevated temperature.
fibroma
fibromyoma
gastroptosis
hemiplegia
hemorrhage
hepatitis
hepatomegaly
hydrocele
hyperglycemia
hyperlipemia
hyperthyroidism
hypertrophy
hypoglycemia
hypothyroidism
hypoxemia
iatrogenic
ischemia
ischemic
kyphosis an abnormal posterior curvature of the thoracic spine, know as a humpback condition. (like mine)
laryngomalacia
leukemia
leukocytosis
leukocytopenia
leukopenia
Degenerative disease any disease in which deterioration of the structure or function of tissue occurs
lithiasis
localized limited to a definite area or part
lordosis an anterior bend or sway back condition of the lumbar spine (like Brian's back)
lymphadenopthy
macrocytosis
malignant harmful or cancerous
mania
manic depression
melanoma
menorrhagia
metastasis
metrorrhagia
microcytosis
microlithiasis
myalgia
myocardial infraction (MI)
myodynia
myoma
narcolepsy
necromania
necrophobia
necrosis
neoplasia
nephrolithiasis
nephroptosis
nephrosis
neurosis
oncology
orthopnea
ostealgia
osteoarthritis
osteodynia
osteomalacia
osteopenia
osteosarcoma
otalgia
otitis media
otodynia
otorrhea
paraplegic
pharyngitis
phlebitis
photophobia
pneumonia
pneumonitis
polydipsia
polyuria
prognosis foreknowledge; prediction of the likely outcome of a disease based on the general health status of the patient and knowledge of the usual course of the disease; often noted in one word. (prognosis: good)
progressive pertaining to the advance of a condition as the signs and symptoms increase in severity
psychosis
quadriplegia
rectocele
rhinitis
rhinorrhea
remission a period in which symptoms and sings stop or abate
salpingitis
schizophrenia
sclerosis
scoliosis the condition of a lateral S-shaped curve of the spine
sign a mark; objective evidence of disease that can be seen or verified by an examiner
splenomegaly
spondylosis
stenosis
symptoms subjective evidence of disease that can be seen or verified by an examiner
syndrome a running together; combination of symptoms and signs that give a distinct clinical picture indication a particular condition or disease (menopausal syndrome)
tachycardia
tachypnea
thrombocytopenia
thrombophlebitis
tonsillitis
tracheomalacia
vaginitis
varicocele
vasospasm
Mental illness refers to any disorder of the brain or mind that alters thought, mood, or behavior
mood disorders conditions that effect how a person feels, also called Affective Disorders. major depression and bipolar disorder are examples of mood disorders
anxiety disorders conditions of emotional stress. Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)is the most common anxiety disorder. Other types include obsessive-compulsive disorder; panic disorder; phobia disorder; and PTSD
cognitive disorder impairing one's ability to think or reason. Alzheimer disease is an example
developmental disorders are commonly diagnosed in childhood. ADHD and autism are examples.
eating disorders disturbances in eating behavior. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are common eating disorders
substance abuse disorders substance abuse disorders are identified by the abused substance, such as alcohol abuse, amphetamine abuse. opioid abuse (narcotic), and polysubstance abuse
psychotic disorders impair one's ability to recognize reality, like schizophrenia
anorexia one without an appetite
anorexia nervosa abnormal perceptions about his or her body weight, evidenced by a fear of becoming fat that results in refusal to eat
Created by: Kramos76