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World History

"Ancient Civilizations" Topic 1

Monotheistic The belief in the existence of a single god
Polytheistic The belief of multiple gods
Democracy A government designed to give the power to the people, or in other words the entire population of the state
Monarchy Government in which a King or Queen exercises central power
Aristocracy Rule by the landholding elite
Oligarchy Government by the a small, powerful elite, usually from the business class
Republic A government in which officials are chosen by the people
Bureaucracy A system of managing government through specialized departments run by appointed officials
Hierarchy A system of ranks within a social order
Cultural diffusion The process of ideas, customs, and technology that spread through different ethnicities, religions, nationalities, etc.
Primary sources A document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study
Secondary sources A document that interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event.
Empire A geographic group of states and people that are united and ruled by a central authority
Artifact Something that is made or given shape by man
City State a central city and its surrounding villages that follow the same form of government, languages, religious beliefs, and culture
Civilization An advanced state that incorporates a complex culture
Irrigation System of ditches and canals that transport water from a source into an agricultural field
Divison of Labor Allows people to specialize in different forms of work
King Menes United all of Egypt and began the Egyptian dynasty
Dynasty A family of rulers which power is passed down the blood line
Hyksos "foreigner" who came from Asia and introduced new weapons
Created by: Mr. Peirce