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HLTH ch6

organization of the body

latero lateral, farther from the midline of the body
caudo caudad or caudal, in an inferior position
acro extremities
dactyl finger or toe
omphalo umbilicus "navel"
soma body
somato body
viscero large abdominal organs "viscera"
stemcells have ability to divide without limit and give rise to specialized cells
congenital existing at and usually before birth
tissue group of cells that have similar structure and function as a unit
anatomy the study, description, and classification of structures and organs of the body
anatomic planes imaginary flat surfaces, used to aid in visualizing spatial relationships of internal body parts.
sagittal plane divides body into right and left sides
frontal plane divides the body into front and back portions
transverse plane divides the body into upper and lower portions
midsaggital right and left sides are equal
recumbent means lying down
trunk chest, abdomen, and pelvis
dorsal cavity divided into the cranial and spinal cavity
cranial cavity contains brain and spinal cord
ventral cavity anterior body cavity, subdivided into the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic cavity
diaphragm separates thoracic cavity from the abdominal pelvic cavity
pelvic cavity contains urinary bladder and lower portion of the large intestine, rectum, male and female reproductive organs
abdominal cavity contains stomach, spleen, and liver
peritoneum lines abdominopelvic cavity
perietal peritoneum lines the abdominal and pelvic WALL
visceral peritoneum contains large folds that weave in between the organs, binding them to one another
angina pectoris heart disease in which the chest pain results from interference with the supply of oxygen to the heart muscle
ascites abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
distension enlargement, stretching of the abdomen
abdominal paracentesis aka abdominocentesis, removal of excess fluid in the peritoneal cavity
omphalus another name for umbilicus
incisional hernia occurs through an inadequately healed surgical site
femoral hernia occurs if a loop of instestine descends through the femoral canal into the groin
inguinal hernia occurs in the groin
acroparalysis movement of the extremities is impaired
acrocyanosis intermittent cyanosis of the extremities, caused by exposure to cold or emotional stimuli
raynaud sign/phenomenon acrocyanosis
dactylospasm cramping or twitching of a digit.
chiropody refers to the hands and feet. Once a term for podiatry
pyrexia abnormal elevation in body temp, (fever)
febrile pertains to fever
pyrogen substance or agent that produces a fever
hyperpyexia a body temperature that is much greater than normal
anitinfective capable of killing infections, or preventing them from spreading
antibiotics act against microscopic organisms
antibiotic pertains to the ability to destroy living organisms
dysplasia abnormal development of tissues or organs
aplasia lack of development of an organ or tissue
anotia congenital absence of one or both ears. This is an example of aplasia
hypoplasia underdevelopment of an organ or tissue, usually refers from fewer than normal number of cells
hyperplasia abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in tissue
hypertrophy increase of the size of organ, caused by an increase in the size of the cells
anaplasia characteristic of malignancy
dehiscence splitting open or rupture of a wound after it has closed
evisceration protrusion of internal organs trough an open wound
somatogenic originating in the body
somatogenic death absence of electrical activity of the brain for a specified period under rigidly defined circumstances
cephalad toward the head
somatopsychic disorders are physical disorders that influence mental activity
psychophysiologic or psychosomatic extreme prolonged emotional states that influence the physical bodies functioning
acromegaly enlargement of the extremities
acrodermatitis inflammation of the skin of the extremities
Created by: btuehara